Professor Luke Georghiou

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Profile photo of: Professor Luke Georghiou Email: Show Email Address
Position: Director of Policy Research Programme
Academic unit: Innovation, Management and Policy


Luke is Vice-President for Research and Innovation at the University of Manchester and Professor of Science and Technology Policy and Management in the Manchester Institute of Innovation Research at Manchester Business School. He has been on the staff of its precursor institute, PREST, since 1977 and was its Executive Director from 1990-2004. He is responsible for the Universitys research strategy and its implementation and for business engagement and commercialisation activities. He continues to be active in research and policy advice to governments and business.

He has chaired several international panels examining research and innovation issues including acting as rapporteur for the influential report to European leaders, Creating an Innovative Europe which put demand-side innovation policy onto the political agenda, and as Chairman of the High-level Expert Group on Rationales for the European Research Area which recommended a refocusing of European research and innovation support on a series of grand challenges. In the UK he was a member of the Glover committee which reported to the Treasury and BIS on access to public procurement by SMEs and chaired its expert sub-group. He was for 6 years an elected member of the Board of Governors of the University of Manchester and for 10 a member of the Board of Directors of Manchester Science Park Limited. He is on the editorial board of eight journals and has published extensively in leading outlets including Science and Nature.

Research Interests

Luke's research interests include evaluation of R&D and innovation policy, foresight, national and international science policy, and management of science and technology. Recent projects include several studies of industry-science relations, policy for international scientific co-operation, evaluation of foresight, public procurement for innovation and changes in public sector research institutions.

In the area of foresight his principal interests include tracking the emergence of foresight as a phenomenon and evaluating its impact upon policy. He has argued that foresight has developed through a series of ideal types characterised as 1st to 5th generations. Results of his most recent project are at

Work on evaluation of R&D and innovation dates back to the first OECD review of the topic in 1985 and the evaluation of the UK's Alvey Programme for Advanced Information Technology in the 1980s in which the team established many of the practices still used in current evaluations. He continues to work on the concept of behavioural additionality which he co-invented.

Innovation Policy and Management
Work on innovation policy has recently focused on demand-side actions, including the use of public procurement to stimulate innovation and measures to stimulate lead markets. This work has been carried out both at European level and in the UK in partnership with NESTA. He is currently working with Jakob Edler on their ESRCprojectUnderstanding Public Procurementof Innovation

Science Policy and Management
In science policy, current interests include the development of a friendly ecology for research in Europe, and specific topics including international cooperation in research, science in developing countries and science parks.

Additional Information

Luke has supervised30 students to successful completion of doctorates. He has limited capacity for new students at present but will consider high quality applicants in the research areas described.

Programme involvement

Specialist fields




Publication summary




Working papers

LCMNTitleYear published
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Showing 106 publication(s)


  • Georghiou, L., & Cunningham, P. N. (2099). Review of High-level Stakeholders' Views on the British Council's Science Policy. No publisher name.. Publication link: c502b800-a2e7-47dd-9f5a-0bf003271ed8



  • Georghiou, L., Edler, J., Uyarra, E., Yeow, J., Edquist, C. (Ed.), Vonortas, N. S. (Ed.), & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J. M. (Ed.) (2015). The meaning and limitations of public procurement for innovation: a supplier’s experience. In Public Procurement for Innovation. (pp. 35-64). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. . Publication link: c494bad4-1221-4984-bdba-b4bac5b004fe
  • Georghiou, L., Curaj, A. (Ed.), Harper, J. C. (Ed.), & Egron-Polak, E. (Ed.) (2015). Strategy to Join the Elite: Merger and the 2015 Agenda at the University of Manchester – An Update. In Mergers and Alliances in Higher Education: International Practice and Emerging Opportunities. (pp. 205-220). Switzerland: Springer Publishing International. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13135-1_10. Publication link: 1a1336ef-e8c8-46f3-b7e2-c15d526e0dde
  • Georghiou, L., Li, Y., Rigby, J., Edquist, C. (Ed.), Vonortas, N. S. (Ed.), Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J. M. (Ed.), & Edle, J. (Ed.) (2015). Public procurement for innovation elements in the Chinese new energy vehicles program. In Public Procurement for Innovation. (pp. 179-208). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishers. . Publication link: 05d2efea-38fd-49a0-ac8c-795ca4a0d85f



  • Georghiou, L., Meissner, D. (Ed.), Gokhberg, L. (Ed.), & Sokolov, A. (Ed.) (2013). Challenges for Science and Innovation Policy. In Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future: Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies. (pp. 246-14). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-31827-6_13. Publication link: 0b049d5e-355e-436e-a023-edb509095ea9



  • Georghiou, L. (2011). Final Evaluation of the Lead Market Initiative. (Framework Service Contract for the Procurement of Studies and other Supporting Services on Commission Impact Assessments and Evaluations). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2769/29882. Publication link: 1ef60b8b-b5fb-4ca8-acff-db426986500a
  • Malik, K., Georghiou, L., & Grieve, B. (2011). Developing new technology platforms for new business models: Syngenta's partnership with the University of Manchester. Research Technology Management, 54(1), 24-31. DOI: 10.5437/08953608X540124. Publication link: 96498fb7-daf5-4af9-8103-8470819e5f18


  • Georghiou, L., Li, Y. (Ed.), Uyarra, E. (Ed.), & Edler, J. (Ed.) (2010). Public Procurement for Innovation in Small European Countries. Manchester: Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, University of Manchester.. Publication link: 0e711a52-082f-4a3d-86cb-a22d1e702112
  • Popper Villarroel, R., Georghiou, L., Miles, I., & Keenan, M. (2010). Evaluating Foresight: Fully-fledged evaluation of the Colombian Technology Foresight Programme. (1 ed.) Santiago de Cali, Colombia: Universidad del Valle.. Publication link: 28ab5908-9fbd-43e4-8232-73e56ac57a48
  • Georghiou, L. (2010). Present challenges in science, technology and innovation policies. XI International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development - Best practices in Science, technology and innovation policies, State University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, .. Publication link: 17a69515-e248-4646-ad94-12b329b97701
  • Georghiou, L. (2010). Challenges: research and innovation policy for recovery and growth. Science and Innovation Policy in the EU and the US - Challenges and Opportunities, MIT, Cambridge Mass, Massachussets Institute of Technology, .. Publication link: eb58364f-4a0d-4c1a-a8d3-4762033aad77


  • Grieve, B., Bushell, M., Lant, M., Georghiou, L., & Malik, K. (2009). Changing the rules of the game for future agriculture, the university innovation centre (UIC) model. In PICMET: Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology, Proceedings|PICMET: Portland Int. Cent. Manage. Eng. Technol., Proc.. (pp. 288-298). Oregon: PICMET. DOI: 10.1109/PICMET.2009.5262238. Publication link: edda3f77-1ee9-4b75-b342-7fa9c0fe4550
  • Georghiou, L., Lesourne, J. (Ed.), & Randet, D. (Ed.) (2009). Pour une politique de recherche et d’innovation plus efficace en Europe. In La Recherche et l’Innovation en France. Paris: Futuris. . Publication link: 5cd58667-e7b1-45d3-82dc-907e4f4e496e
  • Georghiou, L. (2009). Strategy to join the elite: Merger and the 2015 agenda at the University of Manchester: Merger and the 2015 agenda at the University of MAnchester. In Learning to Compete in European Universities: From Social Institution to Knowledge Business|Learning to Compete in European Universities: From Social Inst. to Knowl. Bus.: From Social Institution to Knowledge Business. (pp. 48-64). Cheltenham and Northampton Mass.: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. . Publication link: 80121820-7f24-47b6-b67d-96c9fb594f2d
  • Edler, J., Georghiou, L., Uyarra, E., Cox, D., Rigby, J., Nugroho, Y., & Blind, K. (2009). Monitoring and Evaluation Methodology for the EU Lead Market Initiative A Concept Development Final Report. No publisher name.. Publication link: 40497455-f8de-4d16-8a78-11af51b61bd2
  • Georghiou, L., Cassingena, H. J., Esterle, L., & Kuhlmann, . U. (2009). Gearing European Research Towards Sustainability: RD4SD Exercise. Luxembourg: European Commission. DOI: 10.2777/22864. Publication link: 01a55fce-76a0-4342-a39e-81fa1e5a5f89


  • Georghiou, L., & Harper, J. C. (2008). The higher education sector and its role in research: Status and impact of international future-oriented technology analysis. In Future-Oriented Technology Analysis: Strategic Intelligence for an Innovative Economy|Future-Oriented Technol. Analysis: Strat. Intell. for an Innov. Econ.. (pp. 115-129). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-68811-2_9. Publication link: 7086e4cb-4520-4ae2-9c33-53f286cf6b7c
  • Glover, A., Anderson, R., Byles, T., Georghiou, L., L., . U., Gillies, C., ... Warrington, J. (2008). Accelerating the SME Economic Engine. (HM Treasury). London: HM Treasury.. Publication link: 91112cc7-3b45-4c40-aace-90c33866f28b
  • Edler, J., Georghiou, L., Blind, K., & Uyarra, E. (2008). Monitoring and Evaluation Methodology for the EU Lead Market Initiative: A Concept Development. Report for the Innogrips/Lead Market Initiative. Brussels: DG Enterprise, European Commission.. Publication link: 05166bab-91d5-4f10-80d9-8a3d3bee7e0e
  • Georghiou, L., & Cassingena Harper, J. (2008). Challenging Europe’s Research –Rationales for the European Research Are. (European Commission). Luxembourg: European Commission.. Publication link: bda7ed7f-e226-43b0-8cdc-85802a2036f0



  • Georghiou, L., Keenan, M. P., Miles, I. D., & Cameron, H. (2006). An Evaluation of the UK Foresight Programme: Final Report. (UK Office of Science and Technology, Department of Trade and Industry). No publisher name.. Publication link: 5dd4dbe2-dfa5-4dd3-a195-f0de78ca4249
  • Wilkinson, R., Mabile, M., Montejo, M. J., Nilsson, H., O'Leary, R., Piga, G., ... Hornbanger, K. (2006). Procurement for Research and Innovation. Report of an Expert Group on measures and actions to assist in the development of procurement practices favourable to private investment in R&D and innovation. No publisher name.. Publication link: 65bdc00e-c699-4831-9de1-90795ff2a603
  • Georghiou, L., & Secretariat, E. C. (Ed.) (2006). Innovation Policies for Europe: the Missing Demand-Side. In Globalisation Challenges for Europe. (18 ed., pp. 173-194). Helsinki: Prime Ministers Office Publications Finland. . Publication link: 9595c61e-bfdc-4311-9cd8-dfa67c7a098d
  • Vonortas, N. S., Baudouin , P., Feller, I., Georghiou, L., Green, L., Lemola, T., ... Soderquist, K. E. (2006). IST EVALUATION AND MONITORING. Brussels: European Commission DG Information Society and Media.. Publication link: 88840618-eba6-44da-b215-4ae3bbd6ac45
  • Georghiou, L., Larédo, P., & OECD, . U. (Ed.) (2006). Evaluation of Publicly Funded Research: Recent Trends and Perspectives. In OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook. (pp. 177-199). Paris: OECD. . Publication link: 12ece42a-9f41-464f-a832-2ce71382dba1
  • Georghiou, L., Hage, J. (Ed.), & Meeus, M. (Ed.) (2006). Innovation, Learning and Macro-Institutional Change: the limits of the market model as an organizing principle for research systems. In Innovation, Science, and Industrial Change: A research handbook. Oxford University Press. . Publication link: 2add1a28-2b08-4883-b097-e3bab5de7fc1
  • Georghiou, L., Keenan, M., Popper Villarroel, R., Clar, G., Cassingena, H. J., & Crehan, P. (2006). SCOPE 2015: scenarios of future science and technology developments in developing countries 2015. (European Commission Publication). European Commission Publication.. Publication link: 34356ac6-9ad8-4933-b43f-3e0ff585d231
  • Malik, K., Georghiou, L., & Cameron, H. (2006). Behavioural Additionality of the UK SMART and LINK Schemes. In Government R&D Funding and Company Behaviour: Measuring Behavioural Additionality: ISBN 92 64 02584 7. (pp. 205-218). Paris: OECD. . Publication link: 4ba95df6-8c8c-4b32-9786-85f35a28474c
  • Georghiou, L., & Wilkinson, R. (2006). Creating an Innovative Europe: report of the independent expert group on R&D and innovation. (European Commission). European Commission Publication.. Publication link: 50e26420-6514-4e29-b91f-faf929d3bd60
  • Georghiou, L., Clarysse, B., & OECD, . U. (Ed.) (2006). Behavioural Additionality of R&D Grants: Introduction and Synthesis. In Government R&D Funding and Company Behaviour: Measuring Behavioural Additionality. (pp. 9-38). Paris: OECD. . Publication link: bf6a73c1-e6aa-4436-a884-b399c1ff6a87


  • Georghiou, L., Cameron, H., & Malik, K. (2005). Exploratory Study on Methods for the Assessment of Behavioural Additionality in Industrial R&D Support. (DTI). DTI.. Publication link: bc4bb8fb-64e4-46a9-adcf-2d8333b00778
  • Georghiou, L. (2005). Intervention Logic and the Assessment of RTD Programmes. In Workshop on National Models for Public R&D Evaluation: in search of best practices and collaborative opportunities.. Publication link: 7a3f658c-8be1-43ea-bbd5-0b2035ee3b2a
  • Edler, J., Papadakou, M., Ruhland, S., Hafner, S., Rigby, J., Georghiou, L., ... Tsipouri, L. (2005). Innovation and Public Procurement. Review of Issues at Stake. (EU (No ENTR/03/24)). Karlsruhe : Fraunhofer ISI.. Publication link: a409998e-5a4e-4bd1-97a5-1a87f99bccc7
  • Georghiou, L. (2005). Measuring the Returns on Research, Science and Technology. In Conference Measuring the Impact of Health Research.. Publication link: 0a661098-5c16-45e6-809a-5398df58c407
  • Georghiou, L., L., . U., & Wilkinson, R. (2005). Public Procurement for Research and Innovation. (EUR 21793). European Commission Publication.. Publication link: 0a2b6fed-59bb-4454-9688-332770c260cc


  • Georghiou, L., Cameron, H., Barker, K. E., Caloghirou, Y. (Ed.), Vonortas, N. S. (Ed.), & Ioannides, S. (Ed.) (2004). United Kingdom Public Policies and Collaboration in Research and Development. In European Collaboration in Research and Development: Business Strategy and Public Policy. Edward Elgar. . Publication link: 3ac0e109-19f4-4119-8c0b-c7aa7fcabbd8
  • Georghiou, L. (2004). Collaborative Research Activities as a Major Instrument of European Union Research and Technology Policy, Changing Research Paradigms and Practices in the EU and US. In host publication.. Publication link: 87f24fb0-0d16-4b8a-ae68-fdae66934dea
  • Georghiou, L. (2004). Assessing Research and Innovation Policies and their Impact. In Japanese Science and Technology Policy Council - Cabinet Office Lecture.. Publication link: 91549f77-4267-4ad4-bffe-eb438a6e5209
  • Rigby, J., Edler, J., Buhrer, J., Lo, S., Bierhals, R., Georghiou, L., & Kuhlmann, S. (2004). Policy Research in Engineering Science and Technology PREST: Research Network Programmes Evaluation for the Austrian Science Fund (FWF). (Austrian Science Fund (FWF)). Karlsruhe : Fraunhofer ISI.. Publication link: cc7ae9a4-075a-4657-b301-ea98733a0597
  • Georghiou, L. (2004). Meeting the Human Resource Challenge for the Knowledge Based Economy, 'Beyond Brain Drain' Mobility, Competitiveness and Scientific Excellence. In Australasian Research Management Society Inc 2004 Invitational Workshop.. Publication link: dedaa2c2-e590-424b-b874-560c8344d4eb
  • Porter, A. L., Ashton, W. B., Clar, G., Coates, J. F., Cuhls, K., Cunningham, S. W., ... Thissen, W. (2004). Technology futures analysis: Toward integration of the field and new methods. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 71(3), 287-303. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2003.11.004. Publication link: ecbb6339-54c3-4b9a-b2a1-1d7ea2600385


  • Georghiou, L. (2003). Evaluating Foresight and Lessons for its Future Impact, The Third Generation Foresight and Prioritization in Science and Technology Policy. In 2nd International Conference on Technology Foresight.. Publication link: aa36a5a3-527d-4db5-8e67-899b07f99cd1
  • Nedeva, M., Georghiou, L., Cunningham, P., Glynn, S. M., & Rigby, A. (2003). Strengths, Weaknesses and Opportunities for the UK's Science and Engineering Base. No publisher name.. Publication link: 83ac1198-523c-45aa-b8e7-5d97d63a5339
  • Georghiou, L., Cox, D., Keenan, M. P., Flanagan, K., & Barker, K. E. (2003). A Comparative Analysis of Public, Semi-Public and Recently Privatised Research Centres, Summary Final Report. (European Commission). European Commission Publication.. Publication link: 6a0bf82c-0709-4ccf-8df1-29f4b4b7406f
  • Georghiou, L., Barker, K. E., & Cox, D. (2003). The Evolution of Public Sector Laboratories in Europe. In ASEAT Conference. Manchester School of Accounting and Finance Working Paper 97/1. . Publication link: 6533fb1a-7e1b-4841-b2a8-6a20b9d2a8b5
  • Georghiou, L. (2003). RAE at a Crossroads. In Workshop on Recent Developments in Research Assessment of Science and Technology.. Publication link: 0eef85b9-b663-4327-8ff6-90d3af9a2afb
  • Georghiou, L., Orsenigo, L., Rigby, J., Romanainen, J., Stampfer, M., van den Biesen, J., ... Leprince, E. (2003). Improving the Effectiveness of Direct Public Support Measures to Stimulate Private Investment in Research, Report of the ETAN Working Group on Direct Measures for Directorate General Research. (European Commission). No publisher name.. Publication link: 33ce9363-5018-4285-9eb7-88d1c637783b
  • Georghiou, L. (2003). Evaluation of R&D Policies and their Impact. In International Seminar Evaluation and Management of Research.. Publication link: faad56af-05ca-4d8b-bbdf-e1d9b1c7e905
  • Rigby, J., & Georghiou, L. (2003). Raising EU R&D intensity: improving the effectiveness of public support mechanisms for private sector research and development. European Commission / DG Research.. Publication link: f5053760-13c4-4eac-b83c-1b73da5e96b3
  • Georghiou, L. (2003). Assessment Methodologies and Approaches, Foresign in the Enlarged Research and Innovation Area. In EU Presidency Conference.. Publication link: f99f94b7-438a-46f9-b7fe-db0884e891cb
  • Georghiou, L. (2003). Trends in the 'Ecology' of Innovation -Technology and High Value-Added Industries in the UK: evolving business models? In Workshop for Director General Research Councils.. Publication link: e246e8ad-1d2f-4947-a3c7-7e2cb98fa864
  • Georghiou, L. (2003). Improving Business to Business Knowledge Transfer to Drive Innovation and Growth in High Value-Added Activities in the UK. In Workshop for Director General Research Councils.. Publication link: b580e977-a466-4c3a-81a0-1aba76d15e29


  • Georghiou, L., Barker, K. E., & Cox, D. (2002). The Evolution of Public Sector Laboratories in Europe. In World Congress of Sociology.. Publication link: e2534a88-04f9-4576-9937-90d07b569a6d
  • Georghiou, L. (2002). Are Different Instruments Well-Adapted to the Future of European and National Policies - Round Table Future of S&T Policies in Europe. In FP6 Launch Conference.. Publication link: be510053-c9a7-4c91-b72d-faa91b5f86d4
  • Georghiou, L. (2002). Intermediate Results of the Evaluation of Futur. In International Workshop - Participatory Priority-Setting for Research and Innovation Policy: concepts, tools and implementation in foresight processes.. Publication link: b81897ac-df26-41b7-8da1-2414090b7ca9
  • Georghiou, L. (2002). Impact and Additionality of Innovation Policy. In Six Countries Programme on Innovation Policy and Sustainable Development.. Publication link: 8cd1ff3e-9c07-4915-9025-f7bd827084db
  • Nedeva, M. N., Georghiou, L., Cameron, H., & Barker, K. E. (2002). Connectivity: essence, scope and indicators. (EPSRC). EPSRC.. Publication link: 0d088e4c-122d-41d5-8419-c415dd3d2042
  • Georghiou, L. (2002). Convergence and Division of Labour in Policy for Science, Rethinking Science Policy - Analytical Frameworks for Evidence-Based Policy. In SPRU.. Publication link: 218fc0ba-9dcd-4b43-a72a-dd7ac79d0940
  • Cameron, H., Rigby, J., & Georghiou, L. (2002). Assessing the Socio-economic Impacts of the Framework Programme with Contributions from AUEB, BETA, ISI, Joanneum Research, IE HAS, and Wise Guys Limited. No publisher name.. Publication link: 43c7720e-52c6-4008-a625-9f3bbccd344e
  • Georghiou, L. (2002). Evaluation of Research and Innovation Policy in Europe: new policies, new frameworks? In US-European Technology Forecasting and Assessment Conference.. Publication link: 2fb020d6-3efb-4033-bb55-6a4e03bc9cfe


  • Georghiou, L. (2001). Third Generation Foresight - Integrating the Socio-economic Dimension. In host publication. Japan: NISTEP. . Publication link: 0a8c2ecf-b1c6-47da-b6ff-ebe1e88bbf67
  • Georghiou, L., Cox, D., Barker, K. E., Boden, R., & Gummett, P. J. (Ed.) (2001). Administrative Reform of United Kingdom Government Research Establishments: Case studies of new organisational forms. In Government Laboratories - Transition and Transformation. (pp. 96-19). Amsterdam: I O S Press. . Publication link: 6b8460b8-5bb0-44ec-afa4-8c4c1fd15663
  • Georghiou, L., Halfpenny, P., & Flanagan, K. (2001). Benchmarking the provision of scientific equipment. In Science and Public Policy|Sci. Public Policy. (Vol. 28, pp. 303-311). Publication link: fef3d44b-8b70-4175-9164-e8cd93548617
  • Georghiou, L., & Cameron, H. (2001). University-Industry Links - What a Vice-Chancellor Needs to Know About Intellectual Property. In Association of Commonwealth Universities Conference of Executive Heads.. Publication link: e4ca084a-a515-4b95-b38b-0f45aba43084


  • Nedeva, M., Georghiou, L., & Halfpenny, P. (1999). Benefactors or beneficiary - The role of industry in the support of university research equipment. Journal of Technology Transfer, 24(2-3), 139-147. . Publication link: 5eff5078-a283-4507-a12d-9153664f1329


  • Metcalfe, S., James, A. D., Georghiou, L., & Stanley Metcalfe, J. (1998). Integrating technology into merger and acquisition decision making. Technovation, 18(8-9), 563-573. . Publication link: d212834d-08e0-413f-bdd5-04d81cf7988a
  • Georghiou, L., & Metcalfe, J. S. (1998). Equilibrium and Evolutionary Foundations of Technology Policy. STI Review - Special issue on New Rationale and Approaches in Technology and Innovation Policy, 22. . Publication link: 91e86033-7ee5-42ed-96da-398d2ad43a8b


  • Barker, K., Dale, A., & Georghiou, L. (1996). Management of collaboration in EUREKA projects: Experiences of UK participants. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 8(4), 467-482. . Publication link: 88f6b87b-157e-4c1f-920f-49396abefb5e
  • Nedeva, M., Georghiou, L., Loveridge, D., & Cameron, H. (1996). The use of co-nomination to identify expert participants for Technology Foresight. R and D Management, 26(2), 155-168. . Publication link: a43c2a79-41b5-41f0-a4c7-0304cedb8703