Dr Paul Cunningham

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Position: Senior Research Fellow
Academic unit: Innovation, Management and Policy
 

Biography

Paul Cunningham gained an honours degree in biological sciences at the University of East Anglia followed by a PhD in marine ecology at UCNW Bangor. He joined PREST in 1985. Since then his work has covered a wide range of activities and his research interests have diversified greatly from his original interest in new marine technologies. Particular (albeit broad) areas of personal research interest now include: studies of the development and application of evaluation methodologies, and R&D evaluation; investigations of HEI-industry collaboration mechanisms and the role of HEIs in regional economies; studies of quantitative measures of R&D performance and the development of science and technology indicators; national and regional level studies of innovation and the identification of best practice in innovation policy and governance; studies of transnational scientific collaboration; and international science and technology policy development.

Much of this work has been undertaken either as a direct input to, or as a means to inform, policy making. In this context, Paul has undertaken numerous studies for a wide range of bodies including UK Government Departments (Department of Trade and Industry, Department of the Environment, National Audit Office, Health and Safety Executive), UK Research Councils (ESRC, PPARC, SERC), the British Council, together with international bodies such as the European Commission, the OECD, national governments (Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Japan, Malta, Poland, Sweden) and other local, regional, national and international agencies.

Research Interests

Knowledge Transfer
Paul has been involved on a large number of research projects for a variety of sponsors. The majority of these research projects fall into the general area of policy, either science and technology policy or innovation policy. In this context, knowledge transfer translates very strongly as policy impact. The research activities can further be divided into three broad categories of policy impact: research undertaken to inform policy makers on the performance of their interventions – generally taken to mean evaluation, research performed to provide more strategic input to guide policy formulation in the future, and activities in support of broader policy initiatives. A fourth, and overlapping category, is policy-related work which also serves to develop broader academic understanding of the policy process and its impacts and thus which contributes to the corpus of policy-relevant academic material. These policy inputs cover the range from the local, regional and national levels, within the UK, through to studies for other national governments and supra-national organisations.


In all cases, the projects undertaken have been selected on the basis of their contribution to the development of an academic and intellectual profile, their strategic importance in developing and maintaining a presence in ongoing policy activities and their relevance to current science, technology and innovation policy issues. While it is often difficult to demonstrate a direct causality between these studies and their impacts on policy, over the years a broad evidence base has been generated which underlines Paul’s significant contributions to the field of policy making.

Additional Information

Dr Cunningham is currently supervising two PhD students. The first, which has just commenced, is examining the innovation value chain within a Malaysian government institute in the general context of an innovation systems approach. The second, which is just in the process of submission, is an ESRC CASE (Cooperative Awards in Science and Engineering) studentship: Co-supervised by the British Council, this is examining the socio-economic benefits of international collaboration in S&T research. Other recent studentships have examined: HEI/industry links in the NW of England (another CASE award); an evaluation of S&T activity in the Phyto-Pharmaceutical industry in Mexico; and S&T policy in human capital formation in the Mexican biotech sector. He has been joint organiser of an MSc module "Science and Technology and the Environment". In addition he undertakes occasional lectures on "quantitative evaluation techniques" for the Evaluation Core Module and carries out MSc supervision and dissertation marking in appropriate topic areas.


Dr Cunningham is Editor of two publications: Outlook on Science Policy, a monthly newsletter published by Beech Tree Publishing, deals with new and forthcoming developments in the field of science and technology policy; and Science Insight, a monthly update of UK research and higher education matters produced for the British Council is circulated (in hard-copy and electronic formats) to British Council offices, UK Government departments and British Embassies. Finally, he is a member of the Management Committee for the ETEPS ASBL (European Techno-Economic Support Network), of the ERAWATCH AISBL Management Committee and of the INNO-Policy TRENDCHART Policy Board.

Programme involvement

Specialist fields

Experience

Achievements

Membership

Publication summary

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Showing 120 publication(s)

2016

  • Cunningham, P., & Gok, A. (2016). The Impact of Innovation Policy Schemes for Collaboration. In J. Edler, P. Cunningham, A. Gök, & P. Shapira (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (pp. 239-278). (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. . Publication link: 1b9abf88-4eb9-491f-966b-d33ef247017b
  • Edler, J., Shapira, P., Cunningham, P., & Gok, A. (2016). Conclusions: Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention. In J. Edler, P. Cunningham, A. Gök, & P. Shapira (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (pp. 543-564). (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. . Publication link: 90f6d24d-6591-47a3-89a4-e765eec9ad8b
  • Edler, J., Cunningham, P., Gok, A., & Shapira, P. (2016). Introduction: Making Sense of Innovation Policy. In J. Edler, P. Cunningham, A. Gök, & P. Shapira (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (pp. 1). (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. . Publication link: de541834-3fad-4fb8-8309-d15aaf2c425e
  • Cunningham, P., Gök, A., & Larédo, P. (2016). The Impact of Direct Support to R&D and Innovation in Firms. In J. Edler, P. Cunningham, A. Gök, & P. Shapira (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (pp. 54). (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. . Publication link: d7cbd40f-5d56-48e3-b090-25fbb3b4ca1a
  • Gok, A., Li, Y., Cunningham, P., Edler, J., & Laredo, P. (2016). Towards a Taxonomy of Science and Innovation Policy Instruments. Paper presented at 2016 Annual Conference of the Eu-SPRI Forum, Lund, Sweden.. Publication link: c58c21ec-cc48-495b-89de-15cde12ce453
  • Edler, J. (Ed.), Cunningham, P. (Ed.), Gok, A., & Shapira, P. (Ed.) (2016). Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.. Publication link: fe39155e-9eb8-40fd-b8af-5b26c0317eb8

2015

  • Cunningham, P. N., & Gök, A. (2015). The Impact of Innovation Policy Schemes for Collaboration. In Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. . Publication link: a4a73fb0-2664-41fd-949b-f4537686105a
  • Cunningham, P., Edler, J., Gök, A., & Shapira, P. (2015). Conclusions: Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention. In Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. . Publication link: 8b1c8ed5-958c-4407-836e-130d43cdc121
  • Firth, L. B., Mieszkowska, N., Grant, L. M., Bush, L. E., Davies, A. J., Frost, M. T., ... Hawkins, S. J. (2015). Historical comparisons reveal multiple drivers of decadal change of an ecosystem engineer at the range edge.Ecology and Evolution, 5(15), 3210-3222. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1556. Publication link: 7614813f-f04b-428a-bc5b-f9abb6bb0fcc
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Ramlogan, R. (2015). Innovation Networks. In Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. . Publication link: 7aafaad5-3fac-4e54-9091-03a0681bb5ac
  • Cunningham, P. N., Gök, A., & Larédo, P. (2015). The impact of direct support to R&D and innovation in firms. In Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. . Publication link: 625e2388-31a2-456c-bb96-c5541016f467
  • Cunningham, P., Edler, J., Gök, A., & Shapira, P. (2015). Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.. Publication link: e592b0ce-fec0-41a6-8c61-7e327807a598
  • Cunningham, P., Edler, J., Flanagan, K., & Larédo, P. (2015). The Innovation Policy Mix. In Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. London: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. . Publication link: a99c683a-acc2-4d63-9751-6bd22e33f174

2014

  • Romanainen, J., Eljas-Taal, K., Rigby, J., Cunningham, P., Izsak, K., Männik, K., ... Vallistu, J. (2014). Feasibility Study for the Design and Implementation of Demand-side Innovation Policy Instruments in Estonia Final Report part 2 – Policy Recommendations. Tallinn Estonia: Technopolis.. Publication link: fd2beb51-2a62-4b5b-b50e-5344c455c4b2
  • Cunningham, P. (2014). Policies for Science-Industry Collaboration. (NCUB State of the Relationship Report). London: National Centre for Universities and Business.. Publication link: 42168083-5a1f-4c7a-8de3-63da060d92a8
  • Edler, J., Cunningham, P., Gök, A., & Shapira, P. (2014). Designing and Implementing Innovation Policy Instruments: Three types of lessons from existing evidence. In EU SPRI Annual Conference. Manchester: EUSPRI Manchester . . Publication link: 000bbbc1-dada-4da7-bbd5-117e048edeb8

2013

  • Rigby, J., Cunningham, P. N., Gok, A., & Shapira, P. (2013). Norway’s Policy for the Internationalization of Science: exploring the off-shoring of basic and applied research. tbc, in prep. . Publication link: 37cd0f93-2a89-4a4d-b821-a3f1c7ef3b41
  • Amanatidou, E., Garefi, I., Cunningham, P., & Gök, A. (2013). Using evaluation research as a means for policy analysis in a ‘new’ mission-oriented policy context. Minerva, in prep. . Publication link: 3365de9f-3fe6-44da-b208-aaf926ae2970
  • Edler, J., Cunningham, P., Gök, A., & Shapira, P. (2013). Impacts of innovation policy: Synthesis and conclusion of the NESTA COMPENDIUM Project. (Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention). London: Nesta.. Publication link: 30f3b578-2a33-4059-b5b2-6fafe2dbdb92
  • Rigby, J., Gök, A., Cunningham, P., & Shapira, P. (2013). Research internationalization in a small open economy: Norwegian engagement with global science - strategies, risks and opportunities. In host publication. Atlanta, Georgia: Georgia Institute of Technology Global Learning Center, 84 5th St. NW Atlanta, GA 30308 - 1031. . Publication link: 1d1a7bcd-91b5-461a-996e-71f29b945354
  • Vullings, W., Boekholt, P., Cunningham, P., van Til, J., Flanagan, K., & Steinz, H. (2013). Overview of International Science, Technology and Innovation cooperation between Member States and countries outside the EU and the development of a future monitoring mechanism. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 9dca6f78-b9f7-4d63-8d74-7e73b04475e0
  • Flanagan, . U., Cox, . U., Cunningham, D., & Barker, K. (2013). The Public Value of Public Sector Research Establishments: Towards a set of principles and guidelines. London: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.. Publication link: a4ff0cb0-49c0-4002-874f-1d9db92ba78c
  • Cunningham, P., Szalavetz, A., & Tuytens, P. (2013). METRIS Synthesis Report 2012: Monitoring Social Sciences and Humanities. (METRIS Reports). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 8ec6725f-3186-420f-84e4-ba18e0379ebe

2012

  • Rigby, J., Cox, D., Cunningham, P., Edler, J., Gök, A., Shapira, P., ... Boekholt, P. (2012). Evaluation of the Research Council of Norway Background Report No 10. Internationalisation. Brighton, United Kingdom: Technopolis.. Publication link: 86881e86-c28f-4b9d-a10c-d74a30531f0d
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2012). ERAC: Policy Mix Peer Review Denmark Background Report. Prepared for the ERAC Policy Mix Peer Review of Denmark, European Commission, April 2012. (ERAC Peer Review background reports). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 978df223-493d-4e26-9ea3-f13f135f5d93
  • Cunningham, P. N., Gök, A., & Larédo, P. (2012). Impact of Direct Support to R&D and Innovation in Firms. Part of the Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention, NESTA. (Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention, NESTA.). London: Nesta.. Publication link: 98086a59-67ac-499a-86e7-e65348fea69d
  • Cunningham, P. N., Osborne, S. P. (Ed.), & Brown, L. (Ed.) (2012). NHS DIRECT – a UK health sector innovation study. In Handbook of Innovation and Change in Public Sector Service. Routledge. . Publication link: 28368b13-44a2-4405-a462-7a9656a8af1f
  • Cunningham, P. N., Crasemann, W., Lehto, P., Starzer, O., & van der Zwaan, A. (2012). Peer-Review of the Danish Research and Innovation System: Strengthening innovation performance. Expert Group Report prepared for the European Research Area Committee. October 2012. (ERAC Peer Reviews). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 05de018e-16fc-481f-8497-a35ee9922ef4
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Ramlogan, R. (2012). Innovation Networks. Part of the Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention, NESTA. (Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention, NESTA.). London: Nesta.. Publication link: 33501fe9-5a6f-47eb-bc9d-5a56400ce01c
  • Rigby, J., Cox, D., Cunningham, P., Edler, J., Gök, A., Shapira, P., ... Boekholt, P. (2012). Evaluation of the Research Council of Norway: Background Report No 10. Internationalisation. Oslo: Ministry of Education and Research, Norway.. Publication link: dccd4604-8fab-4e93-b5e7-87cd9a7a0587
  • Cunningham, P. N., Group, T., MIOIR, . U., Reid, A. (Ed.), Edler, J. (Ed.), Kamburow, T. (Ed.), & Simmonds, P. (Ed.) (2012). Evaluation of Innovation Activities. Guidance on methods and practices. Brussels: European Commission DG Regio.. Publication link: e4520469-2953-4536-a955-0532f78651c9
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Gök, A. (2012). Impact of Innovation Policy Schemes for Collaboration. Part of the Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention, NESTA. (Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention, NESTA.). London: Nesta.. Publication link: c21b0c9e-6784-4e9a-9dad-a86e49a571f3
  • Cunningham, P. N., Cox, D. (Ed.), & Rigby, J. (Ed.) (2012). Concluding chapter – what are the lessons? In The Innovation Challenges of the 21st Century.. Routledge. . Publication link: b9ab476e-1d5d-41aa-a243-daccd3cf41ee

2011

  • Cunningham, P. N., & Pearson, D. (2011). METRIS Country Report: Social Science and the Humanities in the United Kingdom 2011. (METRIS Country Reports). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 13d98a1f-735f-41b2-a740-f104a88a754a
  • Cunningham, P. N., Sveinsdottir, T., & Gok, A. (2011). Mini-Country Report/United Kingdom. Thematic Report. (TrendChart Country Reports). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 2873c19f-af85-4b68-b36c-49c31e8f6495
  • Cunningham, P. N., Aboites, J. (Ed.), & Corona, J. M. (Ed.) (2011). The governance of policy mixes. In Economiá de la Innovación y Desarrollo. (pp. 286-322). Mexico: Universidad Autonóma Metropolitana. . Publication link: 666b859a-99d0-4870-82c3-33e163ee7675
  • Cunningham, P. N., Sveinsdottir, T., & Gok, A. (2011). ERAWATCH country reports 2011: United Kingdom. (ERAWATCH Analytical Country reports). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 786fc558-4f87-454f-ab23-7219f1c4b653
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Gok, A. (2011). ERAWATCH COUNTRY Fiche 2011: United Kingdom. (ERAWATCH Country fiches). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 8e4e4bc7-a0c7-4a7f-b340-8a89f4266e6b

2010

  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2010). Innovation and security”, Policy Brief No 6 (2010), European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy. (European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy, Policy Brief). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: d894ddab-d03e-45d6-bc83-5a8e93181456
  • Karakasidou, A., & Cunningham, P. N. (2010). Innovation and healthcare/quality of life and ageing”, Policy Brief No 5 (2010), European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy. (European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy, Policy Brief). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: d384a25a-5004-4897-99f6-67b6d6698398
  • Cunningham, P., & Gok, A. (2010). Usefulness of Evaluations. In INNO-Appraisal: Understanding Evaluation of Innovation Policy in Europe. Brussels: European Commission. . Publication link: 415e6c2a-32c2-44b7-a619-e12f2e7cb349
  • Cunningham, P., Shabaruddin, F. H., Elliott, R. A., Valle, J. W., Newman, W. G., & Payne, K. (2010). Understanding chemotherapy treatment pathways of advanced colorectal cancer patients to inform an economic evaluation in the United Kingdom. In British Journal of Cancer|Br. J. Cancer. (Vol. 103, pp. 315-323). Brussels: European Commission. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605766. Publication link: 27c152f6-3a1e-49e5-a902-215f602cd3a2
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2010). Innovation, climate change and a more resource efficient economy”, Policy Brief No 4 (2010), European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy. (European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy, Policy Briefs). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 76f8ea2b-73cc-4989-9828-a12213eb4315
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2010). Innovation and societal challenges”, Thematic Report No 1 (2010). European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy. (European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy, Thematic Reports). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 9c7bac7b-f113-49c3-b519-c6956ece1b85

2009

  • Cunningham, P. N., Nauwelaers, C. (Ed.), & Wintjes, R. (Ed.) (2009). The Governance of Policy Mixes. In Designing Policy Mixes for R&D in Europe. Edward Elgar. . Publication link: aa4a7a08-00d4-46f2-8ba9-14361eaeecae
  • Karakasidou, A., & Cunningham, P. N. (2009). “A better understanding of the governance of innovation policy”, Policy Brief No 3 (2009). European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy. (European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy, Policy Briefs). European Commission: European Commission.. Publication link: add25d00-d130-493f-b737-3943575a79d0
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2009). ERAWATCH COUNTRY REPORTS 2009: United Kingdom. Analysis of policy mixes to foster R&D investment and to contribute to the ERA. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: ccf8fc98-92e4-4ff7-80f8-037f6b0eecd9
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2009). 'Innovation in the Public Sector'. (Policy Brief No 2 (2009). European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy). European Commission.. Publication link: dd13d22a-0655-494d-b632-24128913de66
  • Cunningham, P., Nauewelaers, C., Boekholt, P., Mostert, B., Guy, K., Hofer, R., & Rammer, C. (2009). Policy Mixes for R&D in Europe. Maastricht, Netherlands: UNU-MERIT.. Publication link: e83b3c90-625d-484e-9306-32a3ec71afe8
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2009). Demand-side Innovation Policies. (Policy Brief No 1 (2009). European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 6fe27517-c8f3-41ce-8543-261cc82048f4
  • Malik, K., Cunningham, P. N., & Gagliardi, D. (2009). European Trend Chart on Innovation: Innovation Policy Progress Report: United Kingdom 2008-2009. No publisher name.. Publication link: 646cda39-bb5c-45b3-a196-8ee1c5f3a462
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2009). Monitoring Progress Towards the ERA - Country Report United Kingdom. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 5a0f603c-da2d-49f6-9655-b6f2fba472c5
  • Cunningham, P. N., Nauwelaers, C. (Ed.), & Wintjes, R. (Ed.) (2009). Policy Mixes in the United Kingdom. In Designing Policy Mixes for R&D in Europe. Edward Elgar. . Publication link: 9260cff8-a37b-4732-b9f2-2a1d05f7394d
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Karakasidou, A. (2009). Innovation in the Public Sector”, Policy Brief No 2 (2009). European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy. European Commission: European Commission.. Publication link: 37597877-8aa8-4df0-91a1-7c2e442d2edb

2008

  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). ERAWATCH strategic intelligence service - operational phase: Country Reports 2008: United Kingdom. (ERAWATCH strategic intelligence service ??? operational phase: Country Reports 2008). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 85051e28-25c6-4cec-813f-74919225540b
  • Guy, K., Boekholt, P., Cunningham, P., Hofer, R., Nauwelaers, C., & Rammer, C. (2008). Designing Policy Mixes: Enhancing Innovation System Performance and R&D Investment Levels. Final Report. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 74466727-ff41-45ad-b89e-5fe1839d6e87
  • Cunningham, P. N., Neves, E., & Robson, D. (2008). INNO-Learning Platform: Mini-Study 1: Mapping of Innovation Support Measures. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 73128e3f-4347-4602-b151-53eb2733c2c3
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). Policies in Support of High-Growth SMEs. (Thematic report. European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 27dca038-f487-409c-9a5d-85978969d6a2
  • Rigby, J., Thomas, D., Cunningham, P., Shirres, R., & Ashby-Crane, R. (2008). Opening the Black Box of Stakeholder Consultation: the Development of a Planning Management Tool for the Environment Agency.. Publication link: 1cf573ed-1c76-4589-95bd-3d5cfb6e715e
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). National and Regional Policies for Globalisation and Open Innovation. (Thematic report No 6. European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 16c2be57-aa5d-4a33-a1a7-0a1a6602cf49
  • Boekholt, P., Edler, J., Cunningham, P., & Flanagan, K. (2008). Drivers of international collaboration in research. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 5303de6d-757d-4476-b23b-2e508c965cf8
  • Boekholt, P., Rannala, R., Ruiz Yaniz, M., van Til, J., Walendowski, J., Zaparucha, E., ... Flanagan, K. (2008). Drivers of international collaboration in research - Background Report 2, Country Report EU Countries. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 54d48744-c6b9-48cf-a96f-ba20d7091fab
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). Cunningham, P.N., Monitoring and analysis of policies and public financing instruments conducive to higher levels of R&D investments: The “POLICY MIX” Project: Thematic Report: Governance, European Commission, January 2008. (European Commission). EC.. Publication link: dbf1589f-0286-4d06-9de6-296595d556f3
  • Psarra, F., Tsitouras, S., & Cunningham, P. N. (2008). Coordination between EU Research Framework Programmes and National Research Programmes. European Parliament's committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE),.. Publication link: e5d1b46c-db79-4f40-aca2-4a9dcd689a6f
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). INNO-Learning Platform Mini-Studies: European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy Input Report, Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: bab558ed-32b6-45e5-aa2e-3a0d324ee68c
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). National and Regional Policies for Design, Creativity and User-driven Innovation. (Thematic report. European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: aded4e40-e25a-4631-bff9-f3083094c34e
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2008). National and Regional Policies for the internationalisation of SMEs. (Thematic report No 7. European Trend Chart on Innovation Policy). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: adae7511-a99b-4144-9784-5d25211a0e86
  • Malik, K., Gagliardi, D., & Cunningham, P. N. (2008). European Trend Chart on Innovation Annual Innovation Policy Trends and Appraisal Report (United Kingdom) 2006-2007. (Innovation/SMEs Programme). Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: b10a7bf2-2d4c-4f34-8ba5-5fc7f13e9ab3

2007

  • Malik, K., & Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Annual Policy Trends and Appraisal Report for United Kingdom (Country Report for the European Trend Chart on Innovation). (European Commission (DG Enterprise)). No publisher name.. Publication link: ca4144db-49d3-4523-bbca-f8ecb650d556
  • Malik, K., Gagliardi, D., & Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Annual Policy Trends and Appraisal Report for UK (Country Report for the European Pro Inno Trend Chart on Innovation). (European Commission (DG Enterprise)). No publisher name.. Publication link: ba49fb69-d496-45b2-bd34-9bd81ed03d1f
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Cunningham, P.N. Innovation in Services: Thematic report. Trend Chart on Innovation Policy, November 2007. (European Commission). No publisher name.. Publication link: ea056acd-b49c-416e-a1e2-45f2633824bd
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2007). CREST 3% OMC Third Cycle Policy Mix Peer Review: Country Review: United Kingdom. (European Parliament). No publisher name.. Publication link: 3b3e2455-00e0-4187-9d6a-6d7d4db45f11
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Cunningham, P.N., Monitoring and analysis of policies and public financing instruments conducive to higher levels of R&D investments: The “POLICY MIX” Project: Sectoral Case Study: The Services Sector in the United Kingdom, European Commission, November 2. (European Commission). EC.. Publication link: 434bd73b-831d-4f9a-ab78-a6c6cb2c2ae8
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Skills for Innovation: fostering skills to improve European innovation performance. In INNO-Views Policy Workshop.. Publication link: 14e24211-cd9b-41a9-b6a8-9fbb21dafc28
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Malik, K. and Cunningham, P.N. European Trend Chart on Innovation Annual Innovation Policy Trends and Appraisal Report (United Kingdom) 2006-2007, Published under the Innovation/SMEs Programme, European Commission, Directorate General for Enterprise, Dece. (European Commission). EC.. Publication link: a5920d17-b205-45b5-acde-8d8cb9c70288
  • Cunningham, P. N., Grant-Pearce, C., Green, L., Miles, I., Rigby, J., & Uyarra, E. (2007). NHS DIRECT - a UK health sector innovation study. In host publication.. Publication link: 8930acb0-949f-4a1d-8654-fc1ad604e370
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2007). Cunningham, P.N., Monitoring and analysis of policies and public financing instruments conducive to higher levels of R&D investments: The “POLICY MIX” Project: Country Case Study: United Kingdom, European Commission, November 2007. (European Commission). EC.. Publication link: 822ee3b7-7894-4d12-88b6-31eaebacca0b

2006

  • Malik, K., & Cunningham, P. N. (2006). Annual Policy Trends and Appraisal Report for UK (Country Report for the European Pro Inno Trend Chart on Innovation). (European Commission (DG Enterprise)). No publisher name.. Publication link: 2c53a6ef-b612-410f-bd4a-5ecbc937ab1f
  • Cunningham, P., Lengrand, L., PREST, ANRT, & Reidev Ltd (2006). Supporting the monitoring and evaluation of innovation programmes: A step towards European inno-policy governance. Brussels: European Commission.. Publication link: 24ec111c-6f63-4365-8891-fdca34e2bc62
  • Miles, I. D., Cunningham, P. N., Cox, D., & Malik, K. (2006). Smart Innovation: A practical guide to evaluating innovation programmes. (European Commission DG Enterprise and Industry). No publisher name.. Publication link: 11b57f16-3fe4-4c91-8c8a-d14f219ea94d
  • Malik, K., & Cunningham, P. N. (2006). Trans-national Policy Learning in Europe: attempts to transfer innovation policy practices. Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice Journal, 8(6). . Publication link: 5e1d1880-ec94-4bdc-b273-e609e9f9d659
  • Miles, I. D., & Cunningham, P. N. (2006). Smart Innovation: A practical guide to evaluating innovation programmes. ECSC-EC-EAEC.. Publication link: 739b7015-1fb8-4115-8c11-e259a68a5d8a
  • Cunningham, P. N., Miles, I. D., Cox, D., & Malik, K. (2006). Smart Innovation: A practical guide to evaluating innovation programmes. (European Commission (DG Enterprise)). European Commission.. Publication link: a97d1d7f-2c94-4ce2-8c0c-691bf529cdea

2005

  • Thomas, D. A., Strosser, P., Cunningham, P. N., Rijnveld, M., Lack, T., & Kroll, A. (2005). ERAWATCH Prototyping Phase: analysis on water research policies in Europe [EC JRC-IPTS report]. (EC JRC-IPTS). No publisher name.. Publication link: 9520d80a-b12d-466a-bb4e-7b82d6b84f7a
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2005). ERAWATCH Prototyping Phase-Esto Study: No 1: Development and testing of ERAWATCH base-load inventory and intelligence service [Final report to IPTS November 2004]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 21539d9d-3b28-4321-b33c-6756b95f4aa0
  • Koch, P., Cunningham, P., & Schwabsky, N. (2005). Innovation in the Public Sector: Summary and Policy Recommendations, (PUBLIN Report No. D24.). Oslo, Norway: NIFU STEP.. Publication link: 106de578-3030-47f9-9faa-8257271b30c3
  • Miles, I. D., Cunningham, P. N., Rigby, J., Green, L., & Uyarra, E. (2005). NHS Direct, An Innovation in Social Trust, PUBLIN Report No. D12-3 UK case study WP4. No publisher name.. Publication link: 2a48409b-400a-474a-8cfd-2377e70d0296
  • Cunningham, P. N., Grant-Pearce, C., Green, L., Miles, I. D., Rigby, J., & Uyarra, E. (2005). In sickness, in health and in innovation: NHS DIRECT - a health sector innovation study. Administration, 53(3), 42-65. . Publication link: a926d597-d9f1-48d6-835b-0a78e9c348ba
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2005). Innovation in the Public Health sector: A case study analysis, PUBLIN WP4: Synthesis Report. No publisher name.. Publication link: dc7cfb22-39f7-4f13-9146-17f8b96340e8
  • Cunningham, P. N., Grant-Pearce, C., Green, L., Miles, I. D., Rigby, J., & Uyarra, E. (2005). In Sickness, in Health and in Innovation: NHS DIRECT - a health sector innovation study. In 'Breaking New Ground' - Innovation in the Public Sector International Conference.. Publication link: d8b0373f-b63c-4df1-88fc-c0415ed6ea8f

2004

  • Cunningham, P. N., & Malik, K. (2004). The European TREND CHART on Innovation: UK country report (September 2003 - August 2004) [report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 4f442c82-be80-49c5-ad38-02e45bd19dc4
  • Cunningham, P. N., & Malik, K. (2004). Annual Policy Trends and Appraisal Report for United Kingdom: country report. EC DG Enterprise.. Publication link: 4e685f8a-e1de-4925-9c86-cd7d559922f4
  • Flanagan, K., Cunningham, P., K., . U., P, N., Butter, M., Ashford, R., ... Kuijper, M. (2004). Exploring Future Science Needs for DEFRA: part of the science forward look 2004-2013. (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs). PREST, University of Manchester ISBN 0 946007 17 9.. Publication link: 298e705b-1e61-4d0c-87cf-0841c7cfec92
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2004). The Impact of UK S&T Prioritisation Policies on the Research Environment [Report to the JRI, for the Japan Council for Science and Technology Policy]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 90b258a5-92f9-463e-ad52-ca09262e9042

2003

  • Cunningham, P., P, N., Rammer, C., & Lazaro, P. (2003). The European TREND CHARTon Innovation: the identification of best practice (October 2002 - May 2003) [Report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 66668c4d-2716-467c-9e1c-b1f0dc40a2f2
  • Cunningham, P., Rigby, J., Thomas, D., & Ashby-Crane, R. (2003). Development of a Planning Process Management Tool for Catchment Hydro-environmental Planning at the Environment Agency [Report to Environment Agency Flood Defence Division, Halcrow Group Ltd and PREST]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 7cc2dc7c-2ca7-4b1a-a7e1-d964a8374d41
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2003). The European TREND CHART on Innovation - UK Country Report (October 2002 - September 2003) [Report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 6fdc2b1f-4f1a-4286-a84d-dcb92ee1a48a
  • Thomas, D. A., & Cunningham, P. N. (2003). A Guide to the Organisation of Science, Engineering and Technology in the United Kingdom. The British Council / Foreign and Commonwealth Office.. Publication link: 8fd3af83-cb9b-4c21-9439-521b8469f804
  • Cunningham, P. N. (2003). The European TREND CHART on Innovation - Theme-specific UK Country Report (October 2003 - March 2003) [Report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 913acd65-aefc-47a6-9803-87b058804ab7
  • Nedeva, M., Georghiou, L., Cunningham, P., Glynn, S. M., & Rigby, A. (2003). Strengths, Weaknesses and Opportunities for the UK's Science and Engineering Base. No publisher name.. Publication link: 83ac1198-523c-45aa-b8e7-5d97d63a5339
  • Cunningham, P., P, N., de, B. D. F., Rammer, C., & Corado, S. V. (2003). The European TREND CHART on Innovation: the identification of best practice (June - September 2003) [Report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 955d54e6-5b29-46fc-bf66-9a6f3a605285
  • Cunningham, P., P, N., & Jaso, M. (2003). The European TREND CHART on Innovation - Thematic Report: IPR and strategic patenting (October 2002 - March 2003) [Report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 92e9dfee-eac9-4df6-9e16-1ee398a39a65
  • Cunningham, P., Glynn, S. M., P, N., Bach, L., Matt, M., Polt, W., ... Georghiou, L. (2003). Evaluation of the National Research and Development Programme for Medical and Welfare Devices [Report to the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the Ministry of Health and Welfare]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 41c1666f-36b0-4dcb-9e1b-e8929366ba7d
  • Ducatel, K. K., Cunningham, P., P, N., Dory, T., Barre, R., & Georghiou, L. (2003). Evaluation of the Utility and Impact of S&T Research Mapping [Support Action to the Directorate DG Research B 'Open Co-ordination of Research Policies' by JRC/IPTS and ESTO]. No publisher name.. Publication link: 4595ae6c-3f03-41c4-8f46-e461a1c9b50b
  • Cunningham, P., P, N., & Malik, K. (2003). The European TREND CHART on Innovation - Synthesis Report (November 2002 - October 2003) [Report to DG Enterprise Luxembourg]. No publisher name.. Publication link: e1821658-9727-4b89-99cb-fcc41cb2cb52
  • Glynn, S. M., Cunningham, P. N., & Flanagan, K. (2003). Typifying Scientific Advisory Structures and Scientific Advice Production Methodologies (TSAS). (European Commission). PREST, University of Manchester ISBN 0 946007 18 7.. Publication link: b708c191-de99-486e-b8d8-c2be839000bf
  • Cunningham, P., P, N., & Thomas, D. (2003). Guide to the Organisation of Science and Technology in Britain (GOST). British Council.. Publication link: c2d886e9-f2d5-48fb-9319-2a4e0aeac8b4

2002

  • Cunningham, P., Mark, B., Butler, J., Malik, . U., & K., . U. (2002). Monitoring, Updating and Disseminating Developments in Innovation and Technology Diffusion in the Member States: synthesis report. DGXIII-D4 EIMS, Luxembourg.. Publication link: 4a9643cd-0e48-4fd2-b9f4-beaeec5e5cb9
  • Cunningham, P., Malik, K., Uyarra, E., Clifford, J., & de Tauzia, J. (2002). Progress Towards the Objectives Set Out in the European Commission on Innovation in a Knowledge-Driven Economy: thematic report. EC DG Enterprise.. Publication link: 12dfa27a-23e7-450b-9566-82f54530001a

2001

  • Cunningham, P. N., Pierce, J. (Ed.), & Purvis, I. (Ed.) (2001). UK Public Sector Funding. In Working with Technology. Sweet & Maxwell. . Publication link: a176710f-cac6-4604-a621-9f6f3eba48f8
  • Cunningham, P., P, N., Mark, B., Glynn, S. M., & Hills, P. V. (2001). Measuring and Ensuring Excellence in Government Science and Technology: international practices - France, Germany Sweden and the United Kingdom. Science and Technology Excellence in the Public Service (STEPS).. Publication link: 5b0c258d-5f3a-4a42-99c3-9e607b4943b1

1999

  • Cunningham, P., & Nedeva, M. (1999). Towards a system of continuous evaluation and monitoring for European co-operation in scientific and technical research (COST). Research Evaluation, 8(3), 142-154. . Publication link: 2b2cf391-66ab-4008-95e2-a8fd3e4a2f6c

1998

  • Cunningham, P., P, N., & Hinder, S. (1998). Guide to the Organisation of Science and Technology in Britain (GOST). British Council.. Publication link: 259adf08-5f0b-4c2a-be3b-a6affafc3be9

1997

  • Cunningham, P. (1997). The evaluation of european programmes and the future of scientometrics. Scientometrics, 38(1), 71-85. . Publication link: c77cb157-b281-42cc-9936-00e7bd96ecd6

1996