Dr Paul Irwing

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Position: Professor in Organisational Psychology
Academic unit: People, Management and Organisations
 

Biography

Paul Irwing was first appointed as an organisational psychologist, in 1977, at the Ulster Polytechnic. In 1982, this became the University of Ulster at which he continued to work until he joined UMIST, in 2003, as a lecturer in organisational psychology. In 2004, at what is now the University of Manchester, he was promoted to senior lecturer and in 2007 to Reader. He is currently a member of the editorial board of Intelligence, and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine. His D.Phil. was awarded in 1992, and integrated goal-setting, job characteristics and self-concept theories of work motivation.

He is the co-founder of the developmental theory of sex differences and has recently pioneered work on the General Factor of Personality, which is conceived of as a generic predictor of life outcomes, including work performance, closely analogous to the General Factor of Human Cognitive Ability. His work has been presented in six articles in Intelligence (Impact Factor (IF) 3.76), two articles in the British Journal of Psychology (IF: 2.28), two articles inTwin Research and Human Genetics (IF:2.14), three articles in the British Journal of Educational Psychology (IF: 2.13), nine articles in Personality and Individual Differences (IF: 1.98), while single articles have appeared in the Journal of Research in Personality (IF: 2.82), European Journal of Personality (IF: 2.79), and in the pre-eminent science journal Nature (IF: 31.2). He currently has a total of over 70 publications including 31 journal articles, and has presented 35 conference papers/lectures. His work has been quoted over 300 times in learned journals. He has given over 40 media interviews on TV and radio and has credit for more than 50 newspaper articles referencing his work, in every major newspaper in the UK and internationally.

Research Interests

Dr Paul Irwing's current research is comprised of five strands: (1) sex differences; (2) the structure of personality; (3) the relationship of personality to financial behaviour; (4) the relationship of working memory, general cognitive ability and knowledge and their implications for employee performance; and (5) inter-group behaviour.

He would consider supervising any project related to the above interests.

Example projects:
1. A selection programme for leadership positions in global financial organizations: the role of knowledge, cognitive abilities, and personality.
2. Development of a dark-side personality measure for identifying individuals at risk of defaulting on service contracts.
3. Big five and cognitive predictors of consumer behaviour in the consumption of services.
4. Factors which influence consumer behaviour in services: fair implementation of contracts, customer support, efficiency, quality, reliability and value, company image and ethics.
5. Measuring the relationship between profitability and human capital in UK organizations.
6. Development of a new measure of human cognitive abilities.
7. Labour market participation and achievement as a function of sex differences in personality and cognition.
8. Participation and achievement in science as a function of sex differences in personality and cognition.
9. Factors which underpin the superiority of women in educational achievement.
10. Measuring the heritability of sex differences in personality and cognition.

Programme involvement

Specialist fields

Experience

Achievements

Membership

Publication summary

Clients

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Working papers

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Showing 89 publication(s)

Book contribution

  • Rushton, J. P., & Irwing, P. "A General Factor of Personality." In Handbook of Individual Differences, ed. T. Chamorro-Premuzic, A. Furnham, & S. von Stumm, London: Wiley_Blackwell, 2011. eScholarID:82925

Journal article

  • Irwing, P. "The General Factor of Personality: Substance or artefact?" Personality and Individual Differences 55(2013) : 234-242. eScholarID:209506
  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., Nyborg, H., & Rushton, J. P. "Are g and the General Factor of Personality (GFP) correlated?" Intelligence 40, no. 3(2012) : 296-305. eScholarID:156811 | DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2012.03.001
  • Del Giudice, M., Booth, T. & Irwing, P. (2012). "The Distance Between Mars and Venus: Measuring Global Sex Differences in Personality." PLoS ONE 7, no. 1(2012) . eScholarID:151752 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0029265
  • Irwing, P. "Sex Differences in g: An analysis of the US standardization sample of the WAIS-III." Personality and Individual Differences(2011) . eScholarID:151890 | DOI:doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.05.001
  • Booth, T., & Irwing, P. "Sex differences in the 16PF5, test of measurement invariance and mean differences in the US standardisation sample." Personality and Individual Differences 50, no. 5 (In-press) . eScholarID:112583 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.11.026
  • Rushton, J. P, Irwing, P., & Booth, T. "A General Factor of Personality (GFP) in the Personality Disorders: Three studies of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology—Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ)." Twin Research and Human Genetics 13(2010) : 301-311. eScholarID:82966 | DOI:10.1375/twin.13.4.301
  • Stringer, M., Irwing, P., Giles, M., McClenahan, C. Wilson, R., Hunter, J. "Parental and School Effects on Children's Group Attitudes in Northern Ireland." British Journal of Educational Psychology 80(2010) : 223-240. eScholarID:16139 | DOI:10.1348/000709909X477233
  • Erdle, S., Irwing, P., Rushton, J. P., Park, J. "The General Factor of Personality and its Relation to Self-Esteem in 628,640 Internet Respondents." Personality and Individual Differences 48(2010) : 343-346. eScholarID:16052 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.09.004
  • Rushton, J.P., & Irwing, P. "A General Factor of Personality (GFP) from the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire." Personality and Individual Differences 47(2009) : 558-564. eScholarID:15650 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.05.009
  • Rushton, J.P., & Irwing, P. "A General Factor of Personality in 16 Sets of the Big Five, the Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey, California Psychological Inventory, and Temperament and Character Inventory." Personality and Individual Differences 47(2009) : 558-564. eScholarID:15638 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.05.009
  • Rushton, J. P., & Irwing, P. "A General Factor of Personality in the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III, the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology, and the Personality Assessment Inventory." Journal of Research in Personality 43, no. 6(2009) : 1091-1095. eScholarID:15689 | DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.06.002
  • Rushton, J. P., Bons, T. A., Ando, J., Hur Y-M, Irwing, P.,Vernon, P. A., Petrides, K. V., & Barbaranelli, C. "A general factor of personality from multitrait-multimethod data and cross national twins." Twin Research and Human Genetics 12(2009) : 356-365. eScholarID:15660 | DOI:10.1375/twin.12.4.356
  • Stringer, M., Irwing, P., Giles, M., McClenahan, C., Wilson, R., & Hunter, J. "Intergroup Contact, Friendship Quality and Political Attitudes in Integrated and Segregated Schools in Northern Ireland." British Journal of Educational Psychology no. 79(2009) : 239-257. eScholarID:15617 | DOI:10.1348/978185408X368878
  • Rushton, Phillipe J, and Irwing, Paul. "A general factor of personality in the Comrey Personality Scales, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, and the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire." Personality and Individual Differences 46, no. 4(2009) : 437-442. eScholarID:1g6 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.11.015
  • Irwing, Paul, and Rushton, Phillipe J. "A General Factor of Personality (GFP) from two meta-analyses of the Big Five: Digman (1997) and Mount, Barrick, Scullen, and Rounds (2005)." Personality and Individual Differences 45, no. 7(2008) : 679-683. eScholarID:1g92 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.07.015
  • Irwing, Paul, Hamza, Alya, Khaleefa, Omar, and Lynn, Richard. "Effects of Abacus training on the intelligence of Sudanese children." Personality and Individual Differences 45, no. 7(2008) : 694-696. eScholarID:1g87 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.06.011
  • Lynn, Richard, and Irwing, Paul. "Sex differences in mental arithmetic, digit span, and g defined as working memory capacity." Intelligence 36, no. 3(2008) : 226-235. eScholarID:1g15 | DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2007.06.002
  • Deary, I. J., Irwing, P., Der, G., Bates, T. C. "Brother-sister differences in the g factor of intelligence: analysis of full, opposite-sex siblings from the NLSY1979." Intelligence 35(2007) : 451-456. eScholarID:1b10180 | DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2006.09.003
  • Irwing, P. "IQ and inequality in human conditions: are correlates dependent on the level of analysis?" European Journal of Personality 21(2007) : 729-731. eScholarID:1b4683
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R. "Childhood IQ Predicts Income in Middle Age: some data from Britain." Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies 32(2006) : 191-196. eScholarID:1b10102
  • Irwing, P., Lynn, R. "Intelligence:Is There a Sex Difference in IQ Scores?" Nature 442(2006) : E1. eScholarID:1b10101 | DOI:10.1038/nature04966
  • Irwing, P., Lynn, R. "Sex Differences in Means and Variability on the Progressive Matrices in University Students: a meta-analysis." British Journal of Psychology 96(4)(2005) : 505-524. eScholarID:1b9425 | DOI:10.1348/000712605X53542
  • Irwing, P., Lynn, R., Raine, A., Venables, P. H., Sarnoff, A., Mednick, S. A. "Sex differences in the WISC-R in Mauritius." Intelligence 33(2005) : 527-534. eScholarID:1b4717 | DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2005.05.001
  • Irwing, P., Parke A, Griffiths M. "Personality Traits in Pathological Gambling: sensation-seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors." Addiction Research and Theory 12(2004) : 201-212. eScholarID:1b9392 | DOI:10.1080/1606635310001634500
  • Parke, A., Griffiths, M., & Irwing P. "Personality traits in pathological gambling: Sensation seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors." Addiction Research and Theory 12(2004) : 201-212. eScholarID:209509
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R, Allik J. "Sex Differences on Three Factors Identified in Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices." Intelligence 32(2004) : 411-424. eScholarID:1b9354 | DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2004.06.007
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R. "Sex Differences on the Advanced Progressive Matrices in College Students." Personality and Individual Differences 37(2004) : 219-223. eScholarID:1b9393 | DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2003.08.028
  • Lynn, R., Irwing, P. "Sex Differences on the Progressive Matrices: a meta-analysis." Intelligence 32(2004) : 481-498. eScholarID:1b9353 | DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2004.06.008
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. "Educational and Gender Differences in Self-perceptions of Adolescents in Northern Ireland." International Journal of Behavioural Development 6(2003) : 513-518. eScholarID:1b9394
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R. "Sex Differences in General Knowledge, Semantic Memory and Reasoning Ability." British Journal of Psychology 93(2002) : 545-556. eScholarID:1b9355 | DOI:10.1348/000712602761381394
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R, Cammock T. "Some Evidence for the Existence of a General Factor of Semantic Memory and its Components." Personality and Individual Differences 30(2001) : 857-871. eScholarID:1b9396 | DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00078-7
  • Irwing, P., Stringer M. "New Measures of Political Attitudes in Northern Ireland: a social identity perspective." Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 10(2000) : 139-154. eScholarID:1b9395
  • Irwing, P., Stringer M. "Inter-group Relationship Rules in Northern Ireland: the effect of denominational information on children's ratings." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 15(1998) : 421-430. eScholarID:1b9398
  • Irwing, P., Stringer M. "Students Evaluations of Teaching Effectiveness: a structural modelling approach." British Journal of Educational Psychology 68(1998) : 409-426. eScholarID:1b9397
  • Irwing, P. "Evaluative and Affective Dimensions of Self-concept: a test of construct validity using structural equations modelling." Psychological Reports 79(1996) : 1127-1138. eScholarID:1b9399
  • Irwing, P., Cammock T, Joseph S. "The Preliminary Development of a Measure to Assess Attitudes Towards Emotional Expression." Personality and Individual Differences 16(1994) : 869-875. eScholarID:1b9400
  • Irwing, P. "Sex Differences in g: An analysis of the US standardization sample of the WAIS-III." Personality and Individual Differences. eScholarID:151747

Conference contribution

  • Irwing, P., & Booth, T. 2013. An item level exploratory factor analysis of the sphere of personality: An Eleven-factor Model. In First World Conference on Personality. Stellenbosch: South Africa.. eScholarID:209513
  • Irwing, P. 2012. concerns over female underachievement in science misplaced? A meta-analysis of data from PISA and TIMMS. In Thirteenth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. San Antonio: TX.. eScholarID:209516
  • Irwing, P., Rushton, J. P., & Booth, T. 2011. A General Factor of Personality in the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ32) in Two Validity Samples. In Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences. London, UK. eScholarID:112591
  • Booth, T., Irwing, P., Johnson, S., & Batey, M. 2011. Abbreviated personality inventories; modeling implicit facet structure and the impact on the prediction of outcomes. In Association for Research in Personality Conference. Riverside, USA. eScholarID:152321
  • Booth, T., & Irwing, P. 2011. An item level factor analysis of 11 personality inventories; reviewing the structure of normal range personality. In Association for Research in Personality Conference. Riverside, USA.. eScholarID:152202
  • Booth, T., Hughes, D.J., & Irwing, P. 2011. Do higher order factors of personality predict outcomes? An assessment of Stability, Plasticity and the General Factor of Personality. In the Association for Research in Personality Conference. Riverside, USA. eScholarID:152194
  • Hughes, D.J, & Irwing, P. 2011. Personality and Insurance Claims Behaviour. In International Confederation for the Advancement of Behavioural Economics and Economic Psychology. Exeter, UK.. eScholarID:209520
  • Hughes, D., Irwing, P., & Wacker, J. 2011. Psychopathy, Organisational Opportunism and Sales Performance. In Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences. eScholarID:112593
  • Irwing, P. 2011. Sex Differences in g: An analysis of the US standardization sample of the WAIS-III. In Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences. London, UK.. eScholarID:112592
  • Rushton, J. P., & Irwing, P. 2010. A General Factor of Personality (GFP) in Four Personality Disorder Inventories. In First Conference of the Association for Research in Personality. Evanston, IL.. eScholarID:82967
  • Booth, T., Irwing, P., & Batey, M. (2010). 2010. An Investigation of the factor structure of the 16PF; Version 5: More evidence for a General Factor of Personality. In 15th European Conference on Personality. Brno, Czech Republic.. eScholarID:112587
  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., Nyborg, H., & Rushton, P. 2010. Are g and the General Factor of Personality Correlated?. In 11th Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. Washington, USA.. eScholarID:112590
  • Booth, T., Batey, M., Irwing, P., & Furnham, A. 2010. General Factors of Personality and Motivation. In 15th European Conference on Personality. Brno, Czech Republic. eScholarID:112585
  • Irwing, P. 2010. Just One GFP in Four Data Sets from the Same Sample. In 15th European Conference on Personality. Brno, Czech Republic.. eScholarID:112588
  • Irwing, P. 2010. Just One GFP: Consistent Results from Four Test Batteries. In Meeting for the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences. Evanston, IL.. eScholarID:82968
  • Irwing, P. 2008. Greater variability in cognitive test scores amongst males: Is the consensus view correct?. In Ninth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. Atlanta: GA.. eScholarID:16087
  • Irwing, P. 2007. A two-stage procedure for locating group differences in the latent means of higher-order factor models. In Eighth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. Amsterdam. eScholarID:2b606
  • Irwing, P. 2006. Sex differences in g: An analysis of the US standardization sample of the WAIS-III. In Seventh Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. eScholarID:2b605
  • Irwing, P., Scott Bedwell. 2006. Tests of factorial invariance and DIF for the American and Japanese versions of the 16PF in two large standardization samples. In Fifth Annual Conference of the International Test Commission. eScholarID:2b604
  • Irwing, P. 2005. Sex differences in general cognitive ability: A reexamination of the evidence. In Sixth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. eScholarID:2b603
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R. 2004. Sex Differences in General Intelligence and in the Variability of Intelligence. In Fifth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. eScholarID:2b2388
  • Irwing, P., Lynn R. 2004. Sex Differences in General Knowledge. In Fifth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. eScholarID:2b2389
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2003. Does Integrated Education Change Children's Group Identity?. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2376
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2003. The Effects of Parental Attitudes and Integrated or Segregated Schooling on Children's Political Attitudes. In One-day Conference: "Psychological Perspectives of the Troubles: Adults", the British Psychological Society, Northern Ireland. eScholarID:2b2377
  • Irwing, P., Parke A, Griffiths M. 2002. Personality Traits in Pathological Gambling: sensation-seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors. In British Psychological Society: Conference of the Social Psychology Section. eScholarID:2b2379
  • Irwing, P., Parke A, Griffiths M. 2002. Sensation-seeking Deferment of Gratification and Competitiveness: a personality trait prediction model. In 5th European Conference on Gambling Studies and Policy Issues (European association for the Study of Gambling). eScholarID:2b2378
  • Irwing, P., Niens U, Bunting B, Cairns E. 2002. Social Identity Theory and Northern Ireland. In Fifth International Conference on Logic and Methodology1-17. eScholarID:2b2375
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M, Mallett J. 2002. The Impact of Integrated and Segregated Secondary Education on the Political Attitudes of Northern Irish Children [Invited Address]. eScholarID:2b2391
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2001. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Self-perception Profile for Children. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2380
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2001. Integrated Education and Political Attitudes. In Annual conference of the Northern Ireland B.P,S. eScholarID:2b2381
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2001. Parental Demand for Integrated Education: an application of the theory of planned behaviour. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2385
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2001. The Effect of Integrated Education on Adolescent Self-esteem. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2383
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2001. The Effect of Integrated Education on Inter-group Contact. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2384
  • Irwing, P., McClenahan C, Giles M, Wilson R, Stringer M. 2001. The Effects of Integrated Education on Children's Attitudes: an introduction. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2386
  • Irwing, P., Joseph S, Bunting B. 1999. Dysfunctional Attitudes, Depression and Anxiety: a quaternary model. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2387
  • Irwing, P., Stringer M. 1998. Northern Irish Political Attitudes - New Measures: a social identity perspective. In American Psychological Association Annual Convention. eScholarID:2b2390
  • Irwing, P. 1997. New Measures of Political Attitudes Specific to Inter-group Conflict in Northern Ireland: specific or universal?. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2393
  • Irwing, P. 1996. A Causal Relationship Between Dysfunctional Attitudes and Depression: are previous verdicts unsafe?. In 20th Biennial Conference of the Society for Multivariate Analysis in the Behavioural Sciences. eScholarID:2b2399
  • Irwing, P., Stringer M. 1996. Students' Evaluation of University Courses: a model of the factors influencing teaching quality and learning. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2394
  • Irwing, P., Stringer M. 1995. Improving Student Performance on Job Selection Interviews. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2395
  • Irwing, P., Brown J, Mulhern G. 1994. Coping Strategies for Occupational Stress: a comparative study of the Northern Ireland Fire Service and the Royal Irish Regiment. In British Psychological Society Annual Conference. eScholarID:2b2400
  • Irwing, P. 1990. The Structure of Task Characteristics: two, four or five factors?. In Psychological Society of Ireland Annual conference. eScholarID:2b2396
  • Irwing, P. 1985. A Comparison of the Orientation and Adjustment Models of Instrumentalism Using Causal Path Analysis. In British Psychological Society Annual Conference. eScholarID:2b2397
  • Irwing, P. 1982. Instrumentalism: a question of orientation or adjustment?. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2401
  • Irwing, P., Newman J. 1979. Job-seeking in the Non-career Labour Market. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S. eScholarID:2b2398
  • Hughes, D.J, Irwing, P., & Booth, T. A champagne lifestyle on a beer income: personality predictors of fiscal irresponsibility. In International Confederation for the Advancement of Behavioural Economics and Economic Psychology. , Exeter, UK. eScholarID:209522

Report

  • Irwing, P., & Batey, M. 2011. Me2 General Factor of Creativity: Technical Manual. Altrincham.: E-Metrixx.. eScholarID:152328
  • Irwing, Paul. 2008. The factor structure of the Work Interests Schedule: An analysis of multiplicative ipsative data. London Business School. eScholarID:5g1

Newspaper/magazine contribution

  • Irwing, P. "We must study the real world, not our worldview." Times Higher Education Supplement(2005) : 13-13. eScholarID:16152

Other

  • Irwing, P. Negotiation in Social Conflict, Irish Journal of Psychology. Vol. 14. 1993. 302-304.