Dr Paul Irwing

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Position: Professor in Organisational Psychology
Academic unit: People, Management and Organisations
 

Biography

Paul Irwing was first appointed as an organisational psychologist, in 1977, at the Ulster Polytechnic. In 1982, this became the University of Ulster at which he continued to work until he joined UMIST, in 2003, as a lecturer in organisational psychology. In 2004, at what is now the University of Manchester, he was promoted to senior lecturer and in 2007 to Reader. He is currently a member of the editorial board of Intelligence, and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine. His D.Phil. was awarded in 1992, and integrated goal-setting, job characteristics and self-concept theories of work motivation.

He is the co-founder of the developmental theory of sex differences and has recently pioneered work on the General Factor of Personality, which is conceived of as a generic predictor of life outcomes, including work performance, closely analogous to the General Factor of Human Cognitive Ability. His work has been presented in six articles in Intelligence (Impact Factor (IF) 3.76), two articles in the British Journal of Psychology (IF: 2.28), two articles inTwin Research and Human Genetics (IF:2.14), three articles in the British Journal of Educational Psychology (IF: 2.13), nine articles in Personality and Individual Differences (IF: 1.98), while single articles have appeared in the Journal of Research in Personality (IF: 2.82), European Journal of Personality (IF: 2.79), and in the pre-eminent science journal Nature (IF: 31.2). He currently has a total of over 70 publications including 31 journal articles, and has presented 35 conference papers/lectures. His work has been quoted over 300 times in learned journals. He has given over 40 media interviews on TV and radio and has credit for more than 50 newspaper articles referencing his work, in every major newspaper in the UK and internationally.

Research Interests

Dr Paul Irwing's current research is comprised of five strands: (1) sex differences; (2) the structure of personality; (3) the relationship of personality to financial behaviour; (4) the relationship of working memory, general cognitive ability and knowledge and their implications for employee performance; and (5) inter-group behaviour.

He would consider supervising any project related to the above interests.

Example projects:
1. A selection programme for leadership positions in global financial organizations: the role of knowledge, cognitive abilities, and personality.
2. Development of a dark-side personality measure for identifying individuals at risk of defaulting on service contracts.
3. Big five and cognitive predictors of consumer behaviour in the consumption of services.
4. Factors which influence consumer behaviour in services: fair implementation of contracts, customer support, efficiency, quality, reliability and value, company image and ethics.
5. Measuring the relationship between profitability and human capital in UK organizations.
6. Development of a new measure of human cognitive abilities.
7. Labour market participation and achievement as a function of sex differences in personality and cognition.
8. Participation and achievement in science as a function of sex differences in personality and cognition.
9. Factors which underpin the superiority of women in educational achievement.
10. Measuring the heritability of sex differences in personality and cognition.

Programme involvement

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Showing 88 publication(s)

2014

  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., & Batey, M. (2014). An investigation of the factor structure of the 16PF, Version 5: A confirmatory factor and invariance analysis.Journal of Individual Differences, 35, 38-46. . Publication link: fe0260b3-8eda-421c-9649-7c0d64da2dcf

2013

  • Irwing, P., & Bailey, T. J. (2013). Personality in Sports Coach Job Performance: An exploratory study examining the predictive validity of personality in the job performance of UK sports coaches.. Poster session presented at The British Psychological Society Division of Sport & Exercise Psychology, Manchester, United Kingdom, .. Publication link: 3016cbe5-c77a-42af-ac89-7cb32457670e
  • Irwing, P., & Booth, T. (2013). An item level exploratory factor analysis of the sphere of personality: An Eleven-factor Model. In host publication.. Publication link: 2b3a2eac-2ab4-43f0-81e5-cb61ca9b7f4a

2012

  • Irwing, P. (2012). concerns over female underachievement in science misplaced? A meta-analysis of data from PISA and TIMMS. In host publication.. Publication link: 49f02041-862f-42b7-9196-11992992ace5
  • Irwing, P. (2012). Sex Differences in g:: An analysis of the US standardization sample of the WAIS-III.Personality and Individual Differences., 53(2), 126-131. . Publication link: aaa2c67a-a57a-4aa9-9085-35195c7ee815

2011

  • Irwing, P., Hughes, D., & Wacker, J. (2011). Psychopathy, Organisational Opportunism and Sales Performance.. Poster session presented at Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences, London, UK., .. Publication link: b538bc92-84f4-4a79-8e64-86c89f6ced13
  • Irwing, P., & Booth, T. (2011). An item level factor analysis of 11 personality inventories; reviewing the structure of normal range personality.. Poster session presented at Association for Research in Personality Conference., Riverside, USA., .. Publication link: b270ce51-ca5c-4d19-8fe9-b6cb91a933fa
  • Irwing, P., Rushton, J. P., & Booth, T. (2011). A General Factor of Personality in the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ32) in Two Validity Samples. In host publication.. Publication link: 7279dd20-ea21-4a4d-80e5-d405417de8e9
  • Irwing, P., Rushton, J. P., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (Ed.), Furnham, A. (Ed.), & Stumm, S. V. (Ed.) (2011). A General Factor of Personality. In Handbook of Individual Differences. London: Wiley-Blackwell. . Publication link: 5559a7d9-e883-46d2-8acc-298a06fa264e
  • Irwing, P., Hughes, D. J., & Booth, T. (2011). A champagne lifestyle on a beer income: personality predictors of fiscal irresponsibility. In host publication.. Publication link: 830dd69c-fd6c-4dd0-9ba3-18af36e1168d
  • Irwing, P., & Hughes, D. J. (2011). Personality and Insurance Claims Behaviour.. International Confederation for the Advancement of Behavioural Economics and Economic Psychology., Exeter, UK., .. Publication link: a5fab9be-bcd4-429c-bc93-b6c6ce307c16
  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., & Hughes, D. J. (2011). Do higher order factors of personality predict outcomes? An assessment of Stability, Plasticity and the General Factor of Personality.. Poster session presented at the Association for Research in Personality Conference, Riverside, USA, .. Publication link: 33ceb64a-e44c-4645-bd4f-c44e5d7d66af
  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., Johnson, S., & Batey, M. (2011). Abbreviated personality inventories; modeling implicit facet structure and the impact on the prediction of outcomes.. Poster session presented at Association for Research in Personality Conference, Riverside, USA, .. Publication link: 1170ffa2-2bac-46d6-ab46-c41ee6dbe9ff

2010

  • Stringer, M., Irwing, P., Giles, M., McClenahan, C., Wilson, R., & Hunter, J. (2010). Parental and school effects on children's political attitudes in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(2), 223-240. DOI: 10.1348/000709909X477233. Publication link: de431278-19b3-4cdf-a9de-4efd221f9e64
  • Irwing, P., & Rushton, J. P. (2010). A General Factor of Personality (GFP) in Four Personality Disorder Inventories.. Poster session presented at First Conference of the Association for Research in Personality, Evanston, IL., .. Publication link: c3583565-ed8d-4529-b566-84df7cb6cbdb
  • Irwing, P., & Booth, T. (2010). An Investigation of the factor structure of the 16PF; Version 5: More evidence for a General Factor of Personality. In host publication.. Publication link: 085c6485-cf77-40bf-9d4c-3bacb920ba83
  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., Nyborg, H., & Rushton, P. (2010). Are g and the General Factor of Personality Correlated? In host publication.. Publication link: 7a0e4d74-1908-4259-bda2-27e6609521d8
  • Irwing, P., Booth, T., Batey, M., & Furnham, A. (2010). General Factors of Personality and Motivation. Poster session presented at 15th European Conference on Personality, Brno, Czech Republic, .. Publication link: 71211cfd-0b21-4f75-b5e8-d24f49778b72
  • Rushton, J. P., Irwing, P., & Booth, T. (2010). A General Factor of Personality (GFP) in the personality disorders: Three studies of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology - Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ). Twin Research and Human Genetics, 13(4), 301-311. DOI: 10.1375/twin.13.4.301. Publication link: 60babd00-a90f-4e43-9e62-f1c4bd81053b

2009

  • Philippe Rushton, J., & Irwing, P. (2009). A General Factor of Personality in the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III, the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology, and the Personality Assessment Inventory. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(6), 1091-1095. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.06.002. Publication link: 12b70c88-248c-4f99-b8d3-34754416ccf0
  • Rushton, J. P., Bons, T. A., Ando, J., Hur, Y. M., Irwing, P., Vernon, P. A., ... Barbaranelli, C. (2009). A general factor of personality from multitrait-multimethod data and cross-national twins. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 12(4), 356-365. DOI: 10.1375/twin.12.4.356. Publication link: 3c3a1153-ac8a-4873-9d4f-cc10f6e32218
  • Rushton, J. P., & Irwing, P. (2009). A general factor of personality in the Comrey Personality Scales, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, and the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4), 437-442. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.11.015. Publication link: 6c61142c-b105-4f18-b73f-598ff097a57f
  • Stringer, M., Irwing, P., Giles, M., McClenahan, C., Wilson, R., & Hunter, J. A. (2009). Intergroup contact, friendship quality and political attitudes in integrated and segregated schools in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(2), 239-257. DOI: 10.1348/978185408X368878. Publication link: 81e1b83b-1a97-4df7-9b27-1d142482ada0
  • Rushton, J. P., & Irwing, P. (2009). A General Factor of Personality in 16 sets of the Big Five, the Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey, the California Psychological Inventory, and the Temperament and Character Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(6), 558-564. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.05.009. Publication link: 8af9995c-a0bc-4a3a-b1f4-354d4b39ad3f

2008

  • Irwing, P. (2008). The factor structure of the Work Interests Schedule: An analysis of multiplicative ipsative data. London Business School.. Publication link: 7c112404-789b-4fc0-ba8a-cff750e6fc70
  • Rushton, J. P., & Irwing, P. (2008). A General Factor of Personality (GFP) from two meta-analyses of the Big Five: Digman (1997) and Mount, Barrick, Scullen, and Rounds (2005). Personality and Individual Differences, 45(7), 679-683. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.07.015. Publication link: 3ab32c42-52cc-4b25-8aea-44bf945a64aa
  • Irwing, P. (2008). Greater variability in cognitive test scores amongst males: Is the consensus view correct? In Ninth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research... Publication link: ee992d47-eecc-4b3a-8b88-067502e8386f

2007

  • Irwing, P. (2007). A two-stage procedure for locating group differences in the latent means of higher-order factor models. In Eighth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research.. Publication link: 39e9766c-16e6-4908-b036-7e88d0dc3c79

2006

  • Irwing, P. (2006). Sex differences in g: An analysis of the US standardization sample of the WAIS-III. In Seventh Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research.. Publication link: 7e70a30a-375c-45bc-af39-e1f01305b860
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Bedwell, S. (2006). Tests of factorial invariance and DIF for the American and Japanese versions of the 16PF in two large standardization samples. In Fifth Annual Conference of the International Test Commission.. Publication link: 5cd16d27-3e9d-4f12-8aff-b6e6b4c414ce
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Lynn, R. (2006). Childhood IQ Predicts Income in Middle Age: some data from Britain. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 32. . Publication link: 6f7927f9-d8b1-4189-82f5-73e255a86d59

2005

  • Irwing, P. (2005). Sex differences in general cognitive ability: A reexamination of the evidence. In Sixth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research.. Publication link: f3de2d0d-1da9-4772-bdee-70f756ce3c90

2004

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Lynn, R. (2004). Sex Differences in General Intelligence and in the Variability of Intelligence. In Fifth Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research.. Publication link: 4907623b-72b6-4470-9d1a-f9624351143d
  • Irwing, P., Lynn, R., Wilberg, S., & Margraf-Stiksrud, J. (2004). Sex differences in general knowledge in German high school students. In Personality and Individual Differences|Pers. Individ. Differ.. (Vol. 37, pp. 1643-1650). Publication link: 38138a5b-0b6e-421a-91f6-6d2cb647e3e4

2003

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2003). The Effects of Parental Attitudes and Integrated or Segregated Schooling on Children's Political Attitudes. In One-day Conference: "Psychological Perspectives of the Troubles: Adults", the British Psychological Society, Northern Ireland... Publication link: e1dcc6a9-ffb0-40d1-a280-4d1f48e45553
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2003). Educational and Gender Differences in Self-perceptions of Adolescents in Northern Ireland. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 6. . Publication link: d1ed666f-d49c-4291-904f-6db3df2cd1dc
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2003). Does Integrated Education Change Children's Group Identity? In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: fd639177-0e2b-43b9-8a1e-a5c8a7d8cb70

2002

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., Stringer, M., & Mallett, J. (2002). The Impact of Integrated and Segregated Secondary Education on the Political Attitudes of Northern Irish Children [Invited Address]. In host publication.. Publication link: b61c69aa-5cea-4cd6-9270-1bb7fd238d33
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., Niens, U., Bunting, B., & Cairns, E. (2002). Social Identity Theory and Northern Ireland. In Fifth International Conference on Logic and Methodology... Publication link: e5266689-710c-456c-893d-ac57c052e768
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., Parke, A., & Griffiths, M. (2002). Sensation-seeking Deferment of Gratification and Competitiveness: a personality trait prediction model. In 5th European Conference on Gambling Studies and Policy Issues (European association for the Study of Gambling)... Publication link: d2ed4e80-c825-4dfb-b34b-a1d7b04eea3b
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., Parke, A., & Griffiths, M. (2002). Personality Traits in Pathological Gambling: sensation-seeking, deferment of gratification and competitiveness as risk factors. In British Psychological Society: Conference of the Social Psychology Section.. Publication link: 3d0e3f9d-907d-4334-b664-60ca361e4c35

2001

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2001). The Effect of Integrated Education on Inter-group Contact. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 1c6e2a87-d0e8-424d-b5e5-b499689d2960
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2001). Parental Demand for Integrated Education: an application of the theory of planned behaviour. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 5e69b8d4-94a2-4da1-b6dc-d05eefb8af8b
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2001). Integrated Education and Political Attitudes. In Annual conference of the Northern Ireland B.P,S... Publication link: 5cbf9109-a6e0-4523-8465-65ae9839e81c
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2001). Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Self-perception Profile for Children. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: a1641cac-68ee-4285-a77f-d0d708a39481
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2001). The Effect of Integrated Education on Adolescent Self-esteem. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: e451ffad-ec2c-4756-b346-9d76836bc628
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., McClenahan, C., Giles, M., Wilson, R., & Stringer, M. (2001). The Effects of Integrated Education on Children's Attitudes: an introduction. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: c5644155-93e2-4c29-ab81-03e89bdc54d0

2000

  • Irwing, P., & Stringer, M. (2000). New measures of political attitudes in Northern Ireland: A social identity perspective. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 10(2), 139-154. . Publication link: 3b2f8baf-987a-4302-93aa-fd86fddcf25c

1999

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., Joseph, S., & Bunting, B. (1999). Dysfunctional Attitudes, Depression and Anxiety: a quaternary model. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 2e1db603-ed31-4ada-9f0e-5ffd52220917

1998

  • Stringer, M., & Irwing, P. (1998). Students' evaluations of teaching effectiveness: A structural modelling approach. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 68(3), 409-426. . Publication link: f6eea74a-1965-4be9-880d-920f1600669e
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Stringer, M. (1998). Northern Irish Political Attitudes - New Measures: a social identity perspective. In American Psychological Association Annual Convention.. Publication link: 540071d8-1c40-46ca-bf79-0b30d83cccdf
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Stringer, M. (1998). Inter-group Relationship Rules in Northern Ireland: the effect of denominational information on children's ratings. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 15. . Publication link: 5469c0da-0ef9-4efa-9726-68424a537d51

1997

  • Irwing, P. (1997). New Measures of Political Attitudes Specific to Inter-group Conflict in Northern Ireland: specific or universal? In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: abe52335-8173-4dab-b595-1f3f8a4f2d2a

1996

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Stringer, M. (1996). Students' Evaluation of University Courses: a model of the factors influencing teaching quality and learning. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 6ddbe069-3afb-4bfe-8582-1cc4f8785979
  • Irwing, P. (1996). A Causal Relationship Between Dysfunctional Attitudes and Depression: are previous verdicts unsafe? In 20th Biennial Conference of the Society for Multivariate Analysis in the Behavioural Sciences.. Publication link: 51d59c73-8610-4fa0-9475-8c142f4ff500
  • Irwing, P. (1996). Evaluative and Affective Dimensions of Self-concept: a test of construct validity using structural equations modelling. Psychological Reports, 79. . Publication link: eecce771-9ae7-4b16-9415-b754a7ccbf93

1995

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Stringer, M. (1995). Improving Student Performance on Job Selection Interviews. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 8ee4babb-c32d-4046-97a7-5b9a5a07e3a1

1994

  • Joseph, S., Williams, R., Irwing, P., & Cammock, T. (1994). The preliminary development of a measure to assess attitudes towards emotional expression. Personality and Individual Differences, 16(6), 869-875. . Publication link: 21be5498-727d-4137-85b4-ff435e116b45
  • Irwing, P., P., . U., Brown, J., & Mulhern, G. (1994). Coping Strategies for Occupational Stress: a comparative study of the Northern Ireland Fire Service and the Royal Irish Regiment. In British Psychological Society Annual Conference.. Publication link: c2e7d7bf-d2ee-455e-a5a4-8bdeae2e7d70

1990

  • Irwing, P. (1990). The Structure of Task Characteristics: two, four or five factors? In Psychological Society of Ireland Annual conference.. Publication link: 7ae9c87f-7994-483c-a16c-f1342eabbfd1

1985

  • Irwing, P. (1985). A Comparison of the Orientation and Adjustment Models of Instrumentalism Using Causal Path Analysis. In British Psychological Society Annual Conference.. Publication link: d2b6a5fe-d3b5-4fa4-b45f-ee7d00f37e65

1982

  • Irwing, P. (1982). Instrumentalism: a question of orientation or adjustment? In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 56a73500-402b-43db-98a2-98555c84c50d

1979

  • Irwing, P., P., . U., & Newman, J. (1979). Job-seeking in the Non-career Labour Market. In Annual Conference of the Northern Ireland B.P.S... Publication link: 00d7b00d-8da8-480f-867f-cadfc20c1326