Professor Philip Shapira

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Position: Professor of Innovation Management and Policy
Academic unit: Innovation, Management and Policy
 

Biography

Philip Shapira is Professor of Innovation Management and Policy with the Manchester Institute for Innovation Research at the Alliance Manchester Business School and also Professor of Public Policy at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA. He teaches and conducts research on science and innovation policy and management, emerging technologies and governance, regional innovation, and policy evaluation.

Proffessor Shapira currently leads the Responsible Research and Innovation Group at the Manchester Synthetic Biology Research Centre. For more than a decade, he has also led research on nanotechnology research and innovation systems as part of the NSF-sponsored Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University. Professor Shapira has served as an expert panelist, advisor or project leader for international agencies, including the OECD, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank, and has held leadership positions in several European Union sponsored projects. He served as a Congressional Fellow with the US Office of Technology Assessment, United States Congress. Professor Shapira currently directs the Manchester-Atlanta-Beijing Innovation Co-Lab – a collaboration of researchers at the University of Manchester, Georgia Institute of Technology, and the Beijing Institute of Technology to advance methods and analysis in emerging science, technology, and innovation management and policy.

Professor Shapira holds a Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning and an MA in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley; an MCP from Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and a DipTP (Glos. Coll. Art & Design, UK). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Research Interests

Professor Shapira has directed research and policy assessment studies on manufacturing technology adoption in Georgia and West Virginia, advanced industry-university technology partnerships in Iowa, US industrial network promotion and manufacturing technology partnerships, Appalachian Region entrepreneurship initiatives, and university-industry research networks and clustering. A recent study for the National Institute of Standards and Technology examines the impacts of information on US manufacturers. Other international studies include an evaluation of Japan’s Advanced Materials Processing and Machining Technology Program for the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (Tokyo); an assessment of membership of intergovernmental research organizations for Forfás, Ireland; the Midsize Cities Technology Development Initiative – a US-European learning network to promote research commercialization and innovation; and development of a sectoral knowledge economy measurement system in Malaysia. He currently directs research programs on nanotechnology research and innovation systems assessment and on organizational influences on highly creative scientific research.

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Showing 123 publication(s)

2016

  • Li, Y., Karaulova, M., Gӧk, A., & Shapira, P. (2016). Academic Entrepreneurship and Innovation in China and Russia: policies, institutions and actor dynamics. In Rising Powers and Global Innovation Workshop.. Publication link: e6002fd8-d335-4378-853c-e77b095a75b5
  • Edler, J., Cunningham, P., Gok, A., & Shapira, P. (2016). Introduction: Making Sense of Innovation Policy. In J. Edler, P. Cunningham, A. Gök, & P. Shapira (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (pp. 1). (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. . Publication link: de541834-3fad-4fb8-8309-d15aaf2c425e
  • Gok, A., Karaulova, M., & Shapira, P. (2016). Bounded Collaboration and Changing Core-Periphery Relationship in Sino-Russian Scientific Co-Production. Paper presented at 2016 Annual Conference of the Eu-SPRI Forum, Lund, Sweden.. Publication link: f55d593c-15cb-4cd7-a7b3-3fb474bf9aad
  • Edler, J. (Ed.), Cunningham, P. (Ed.), Gok, A., & Shapira, P. (Ed.) (2016). Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.. Publication link: fe39155e-9eb8-40fd-b8af-5b26c0317eb8
  • Karaulova, M., Gӧk, A., & Shapira, P. (2016). Identifying Author Heritage Using Surname Data. Paper presented at 6th Annual Global TechMining Conference, Valencia, Spain.. Publication link: 72e98bea-8637-418f-8ff3-13b98ba17e56
  • Gok, A., Karaulova, M., & Shapira, P. (2016). Bounded Collaboration and Changing Core-Periphery Relationships in SinoRussian Scientific Co-Production. In 21st International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (STI2016).. Publication link: 79563c89-4d57-429a-b543-5542eb6419cf
  • Edler, J., Shapira, P., Cunningham, P., & Gok, A. (2016). Conclusions: Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention. In J. Edler, P. Cunningham, A. Gök, & P. Shapira (Eds.), Handbook of Innovation Policy Impact. (pp. 543-564). (Eu-SPRI Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy series). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. . Publication link: 90f6d24d-6591-47a3-89a4-e765eec9ad8b
  • Shapira, P., Gok, A., & Salehi Yazdi, F. (2016). 石墨烯研究和产业:战略性新兴技术的创新应用和商业发展概览. Manchester: Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, University of Manchester.. Publication link: 1571bbd0-2631-4821-a4e8-e65390672f67
  • Feuvre, R. L., Carbonell, P., Currin, A., Dunstan, M., Fellows, D., Jervis, A., ... Turner, N. J. (2016). SYNBIOCHEM Synthetic Biology Research Centre, Manchester - A UK foundry for fine and speciality chemicals production. Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology. DOI: 10.1016/j.synbio.2016.07.001. Publication link: 0ad51c53-08d0-4c69-b469-c9975abca512
  • Carbonell, P., Currin, A., Dunstan, M., Fellows, D., Jervis, A., Rattray, N. J. W., ... Turner, N. J. (2016). SYNBIOCHEM - A SynBio foundry for the biosynthesis and sustainable production of fine and speciality chemicals.Biochemical Society Transactions, 44(3), 675-7. DOI: 10.1042/BST20160009. Publication link: 230b6a5b-8b99-4c32-9285-03bc1b0e20b1 | PubMed:27284023
  • Youtie, J., & Shapira, P. (2016). Exploring Public Values Implications of the I-Corps Program. Journal of Technology Transfer. . Publication link: 16253f17-d382-4848-8c9b-2e421dc0b4dd
  • Karaulova, M., Gok, A., & Shapira, P. (2016). How international is internationally collaborated research? A bibliometric study of Russian surname holder collaboration networks. In 21st International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators (STI2016).. Publication link: 3d994046-9396-49ed-9c70-d22403e49084

2015

  • Gok, A., Rigby, J., & Shapira, P. (2015). The Impact of Research Funding on Scientific Outputs: Evidence from Six Smaller European Countries. American Society for Information Science and Technology. Journal, 67(3), 715. DOI: DOI:10.1002/asi.23406. Publication link: c28bb96c-13f1-4968-a4af-17902dad8fb4
  • Shapira, P., Uyarra, E., Youtie, J., Cox, D., Gok, A., Rogers, J., & Downing, C. (2015). Institutions for Technology Diffusion. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, Competitiveness and Innovation Division.. Publication link: da25142e-4f0e-4074-957e-6d2ac95f96e4
  • Arora, S. K., Youtie, J., Shapira, P., & Li, Y. (2015). Using the Wayback Machine to mine websites in the social sciences: A methodological resource. American Society for Information Science and Technology. Journal. . Publication link: cfe3c293-7b3c-4080-baae-ee2edcbc1971
  • Shapira, P., & Gok, A. (2015). UK Synthetic Biology Centres tasked with addressing public concerns. The Guardian Science Policy Blog. . Publication link: 950c43b4-81eb-4e80-80cc-226b14c4cced
  • Tang, L., Shapira, P., & Youtie, J. (2015). Is there a clubbing effect underlying Chinese research citation Increases?American Society for Information Science and Technology. Journal. . Publication link: 7724bf24-3b32-461c-944d-d8309aa6c996
  • Shapira, P., Gok, A., & Salehi, F. (2015). Graphene Research and Enterprise: Mapping innovation and business growth in a strategic emerging technology. (Nesta Working Paper; No. 15/14). London.. Publication link: 28857f21-a693-4510-8d9b-ec69e5709d61
  • Lipscomb, C. A., Youtie, J., Arora, S., Shapira, P., & Krause, A. (2015). Evaluating the Long-term Effect of NIST MEP Services on Establishment Performance. (Working Paper, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau; No. CES 15-09).. Publication link: 32955396-7615-4157-baaa-ca4026f1ce6f
  • Karaulova, M., Gok, A., Shackleton, O., & Shapira, P. (2015). Nanotechnology Research in Post-Soviet Russia: Science System Path-Dependencies And Their Influences. In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetric (ISSI2015) .. Publication link: 2de0fe26-642e-4201-b6bc-d106f34130d4
  • Shapira, P., Youtie, J., Basiuk, V. A. (Ed.), & Basiuk, E. V. (Ed.) (2015). The Economic Contributions of Nanotechnology to Green and Sustainable Growth. In Green Processes for Nanotechnology. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15461-9_15. Publication link: 502bd117-9083-42e7-927b-1f49f59d79c5

2014

  • Shapira, P., & Youtie, J. (2014). Impact of Technology and Innovation Advisory Services. (Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention). London: Nesta.. Publication link: 8f59f96d-b3d5-43de-b90d-5c622023f16c
  • Shapira, P., Youtie, J., & Carley, S. (2014). Prototypes of Emerging Metropolitan Nanodistricts in the United States and Europe. Unknown Journal, 114-115, 81-104. . Publication link: 1d46883f-43b7-4eb1-b701-6082ab049129
  • Kay, L., Youtie, J., & Shapira, P. (2014). Signs of things to come? What patent submissions by small and medium-sized enterprises say about corporate strategies in emerging technologies. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 87, 17-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.006. Publication link: 1dd9c3f3-798d-4ecc-ac31-106f446dbd86
  • Edler, J., Cunningham, P., Gök, A., & Shapira, P. (2014). Designing and Implementing Innovation Policy Instruments: Three types of lessons from existing evidence. In EU SPRI Annual Conference. Manchester: EUSPRI Manchester . . Publication link: 000bbbc1-dada-4da7-bbd5-117e048edeb8

2013

  • Edler, J., Cunningham, P., Gök, A., & Shapira, P. (2013). Impacts of Innovation Policy: Synthesis and Conclusions. (Report prepared as part of the project “Compendium of Evidence on the Effectiveness of Innovation Policy Intervention." (NESTA)). Manchester: Manchester Institute of Innovation Research.. Publication link: b75b45a7-53d0-40e2-b04e-0d8b07697a9e
  • Rigby, J., Gök, A., Cunningham, P., & Shapira, P. (2013). Research internationalization in a small open economy: Norwegian engagement with global science - strategies, risks and opportunities. In host publication. Atlanta, Georgia: Georgia Institute of Technology Global Learning Center, 84 5th St. NW Atlanta, GA 30308 - 1031. . Publication link: 1d1a7bcd-91b5-461a-996e-71f29b945354
  • Youtie, J., Rogers, J., Heinze, T., Shapira, P., & Tang, L. (2013). Career-based influences on scientific recognition in the United States and Europe: Longitudinal evidence from curriculum vitae data. Research Policy, 42(8), 1341-1355. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2013.05.002. Publication link: 27528279-b2c4-4db3-8c2f-a692215a4f1b
  • Arora, S., Porter, A. L., Youtie, J., & Shapira, P. (2013). Capturing new developments in an emerging technology: An updated search strategy for identifying nanotechnology research outputs. Scientometrics, 95(1), 351-370. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-012-0903-6. Publication link: 24e085fd-cb32-4791-8896-2de895cd1d1a
  • Meng, Y., Shapira, P., & Tang, Y. (2013). The Emergence of Science-Driven Entrepreneurship in China: A Case Study of Technological Innovation in Nano-Pigment Inks. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 17(1/2/3), 162-176. DOI: 10.1504/IJEIM.2013.055221. Publication link: 93295fe5-d02c-4166-b402-c07e7a14d5bb

2012

  • Rigby, J., Cox, D., Cunningham, P., Edler, J., Gök, A., Shapira, P., ... Boekholt, P. (2012). Evaluation of the Research Council of Norway Background Report No 10. Internationalisation. Brighton, United Kingdom: Technopolis.. Publication link: 86881e86-c28f-4b9d-a10c-d74a30531f0d
  • Youtie, J., Hicks, D., Shapira, P., & Horsley, T. (2012). Pathways from Discovery to Commercialization: Using Web Sources to Track Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Strategies in Emerging Nanotechnologies. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 24(10), 981-995. DOI: 10.1080/09537325.2012.724163. Publication link: dd1f8bea-b4e5-4c8b-8cae-74f39fef1927

2011

  • Shapira, P., & Panel, M. D. (2011). Strengthening Greater Manchester’s Economic Base through Science, Innovation and Research and Development. (Thematic Developmental Panel Visit to Greater Manchester). Newcastle, UK: The Northern Way.. Publication link: af1e4650-2b51-4a69-b173-c8b604642e46
  • Shapira, P., Kay, L., Cozzens, S. E. (Ed.), & Wetmore, J. (Ed.) (2011). The Potential of Nanotechnology for Equitable Economic Development: The Case of Brazil. In Nanotechnology, Equity, and Equality: Yearbook of Nanotechnology in Society. (pp. 309-329). Springer Verlag. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-9615-9_19. Publication link: c1071d57-0d1d-44a2-95c9-352a490bdd43
  • Edler, J., Flanagan, K., Gok, A., Shapira, P., & Boekholt, P. (2011). International Co-operation in R&D. (International Audit of Research, Development and Innovation in the Czech Republic). Brighton, UK: Technopolis Group.. Publication link: d81c5e5d-0c72-479d-a781-60d0a942b1a4
  • Shapira, P., Youtie, J., & Kay, L. (2011). Building Capabilities for Innovation in SMEs: A Cross-Country Comparison of Technology Extension Policies and Programs. International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 3/4, 254-272. DOI: 10.1504/IJIRD.2011.040526. Publication link: 812916c8-2bd6-42da-8fb6-13af3f0f939e
  • Shapira, P., Doyle, E., & Ward, D. (2011). Productivity, Innovation and Competitiveness in Small Open Economies. (Study on Productivity, Innovation and Competitiveness in Small Open Economies (PIC SOE)). Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment.. Publication link: 78ac7af5-deda-4411-a97d-477f2311492a
  • Roco, M. C., Harthorn, B., Guston, D., & Shapira, P. (2011). Innovative and responsible governance of nanotechnology for societal development. In Journal of Nanoparticle Research|J. Nanopart. Res.. (1st ed., Vol. 13, pp. 3557-3590). Springer Verlag. DOI: 10.1007/s11051-011-0454-4. Publication link: 3f74f3b6-3f0c-4f69-8948-3ddd8362bfc5
  • Youtie, J., Porter, A., Shapira, P., Tang, L., & Benn, T. (2011). The use of environmental, health and safety research in nanotechnology research. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 11(1), 158-166. DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2011.3840. Publication link: 307af4a4-c49c-4c21-8526-a4c8a648242b

2010

  • Kuhlmann, S., Shapira, P., & Smits, R. (2010). Introduction. A systemic perspective: The innovation policy dance. In The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy: An International Research Handbook|The Theory and Prat. of Innov. Policy: An Int. Res. Handb.. (pp. 1-22). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. DOI: 10.4337/9781849804424.00006. Publication link: e147a637-665c-4ccb-9521-39d0c072120e
  • Shapira, P., Subramanian, V., Youtie, J., & Guston, D. (Ed.) (2010). Active nanostructures. In Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society. Sage. . Publication link: db37e3dd-650a-4dc0-b2f2-8b394e45e70a
  • Shapira, P., Smits, R., & Kuhlmann, S. (2010). An outlook on innovation policy, theory and practice. In The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy: An International Research Handbook|The Theory and Prat. of Innov. Policy: An Int. Res. Handb.. (pp. 449-466). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. DOI: 10.4337/9781849804424.00027. Publication link: c41acae0-56ca-490a-b1ee-84d91db0c3ac
  • Shapira, P. (2010). Innovation and small and midsize enterprises: Innovation dynamics and policy strategies. In The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy: An International Research Handbook|The Theory and Prat. of Innov. Policy: An Int. Res. Handb.. (pp. 170-193). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. DOI: 10.4337/9781849804424.00016. Publication link: 95381d86-c854-4b6f-a16d-b2a646f2b52f
  • Doyle, E., Kuah, A., & Shapira, P. (2010). Competitiveness and Innovation. Profiles of Three Small Open Economies: New Zealand, Singapore, and Republic of Ireland. (Study on Productivity, Innovation and Competitiveness in Small Open Economies (PIC SOE)). Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment.. Publication link: a59ca58f-5ccc-40ce-a7c8-3e7636e080cd
  • Shapira, P., Youtie, Y., Frietsch, R. (Ed.), & Schüller, M. (Ed.) (2010). The Innovation System and Innovation Policy in the United States. In Competing for Global Innovation Leadership: Innovation Systems and Policies in the USA, EU and Asia. (pp. 5-20). Stuttgart, Germany: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag. . Publication link: 3d3b87e3-7120-4b6f-aae3-ce25fa138bc9
  • Shapira, P., Youtie, J., Carley, S., & Guston, D. (Ed.) (2010). Nanodistricts. In Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society. Sage. . Publication link: 4114cdab-0f0b-47d3-9d95-29cf66e07209
  • Shapira, P., & Saritas, O. (2010). Supporting the Upgrading of Small and Mid-Size Enterprises: International Experiences and Best Practices from Selected Countries. (Submitted to the World Bank as part of a study on the Development of SMEs in Turkey). Manchester, UK: Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, Manchester Business School, University of Manchester.. Publication link: 223f53f2-f6af-4ea9-a7e7-6f7fafa007f8

2009

  • Shapira, P., P., . U., & Kay, L. (2009). Mapping Organizational Capabilities for Innovation and Competitiveness: Research Performance and Patenting in Small Open Economies. (Study on Productivity, Innovation and Competitiveness in Small Open Economies (PIC SOE)). Belfast, Northern Ireland: Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment.. Publication link: ae2e2f5a-33a9-4313-88e8-f53cdcc03391
  • Shapira, P., & Kay, L. (2009). Public Research Lab and other Scientific Collaborations of the Manchester City Region: A Bibliometric Analysis. (Perpared for Manchester Science Review, Commission for the New Economy). Manchester, UK: Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, University of Manchester.. Publication link: c15c2819-c670-4bf4-92ee-05337dea21e0
  • Fernández-Ribas, A. A., & Shapira, P. (2009). Technological diversity, scientific excellence and the location of inventive activities abroad: The case of nanotechnology. Journal of Technology Transfer, 34(3), 286-303. DOI: 10.1007/s10961-008-9090-2. Publication link: c562388c-fafc-4e9e-a31d-cfdf243b9ed7
  • Shapira, P., Edler, J., Gagliardi, D., Verbeek, A., Lykogianni, E., & Knell, M. (2009). Analysis of R&D international funding flows and their impact on the research system in selected Member States. (Prepared for Rindicate (SPA7), DG Research, European Commission, Brussels). Brussels, BE: University of Manchester (MIoIR), IDEA Consult, and NIFUSTEP.. Publication link: fa8ac9b4-0698-4096-8352-2ffe4ebaf0cf
  • Fernández-Ribas, A., & Shapira, P. (2009). The role of national and regional-level innovation programs in stimulating international cooperation in innovation. International Journal of Technology Management, 34/4. . Publication link: eb79f687-da6f-4774-8352-293830b97513

2008

2007

  • Youtie, J., & Shapira, P. (2007). Innovation strategies and manufacturing practices: Insights from the 2005 georgia manufacturing survey. In Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and the Global Economy|Small and Medium-Sized Enterp. and the Global Econ.. (pp. 46-58). Northampton, MA and Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. . Publication link: b0499102-af46-403a-a388-ccb5fd4e6e70
  • Youtie, J., Shapira, P., Urmanbetova, A., & Wang, J. (2007). A Brief History of the Future of Manufacturing: U.S. Manufacturing Technology Forecasts in Retrospective, 1950-present. International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 3/3, 311-331. DOI: 10.1504/IJFIP.2007.014013. Publication link: 6f52ac1d-72c3-4b7d-97a5-791f10f53d1b
  • Hegde, D., & Shapira, P. (2007). Knowledge, technology trajectories, and innovation in a developing country context: Evidence from a survey of Malaysian firms. International Journal of Technology Management, 40(4), 349-370. DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2007.015757. Publication link: 1c16384c-6e25-4074-851b-980e177d5291

2006

  • Shapira, P., Kuhlmann, S., Hage, J. (Ed.), & Meeus, M. (Ed.) (2006). How is Innovation Influenced by Science and Technology Policy Governance? Transatlantic Comparisons. In Innovation, Science, and Industrial Change: A Research Handbook. New York: Oxford University Press. . Publication link: 1b931ac4-63b9-4243-806f-f30024f617c2
  • Paskaleva, K., & Shapira, P. (2006). Innovation and SMEs: Some Asian Experiences. Technikfolgenabschtzung - Theorie und Praxis, 1(15), 124-127. . Publication link: 620c8a49-eabc-4234-9b37-054414c559fd
  • Shapira, P., & Link, A. N. (Ed.) (2006). US Manufacturing Extension Partnerships: Technology Policy Reinvented? In Entrepreneurship and Technology Policy. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing (Series: The International Library of Entrepreneurship). . Publication link: ab728bef-1daf-4af9-b6a5-8aa6e8e0f019
  • Shapira, P., & Youtie, J. (2006). Measures for knowledge-based economic development: Introducing data mining techniques to economic developers in the state of Georgia and the US South. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 73(8), 950-965. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2006.05.017. Publication link: a530e018-0cd4-46eb-9595-7a2e93a9734c

2005

  • Shapira, P., Fuchs, . U., G., . U., P., . U., & Itors, . U. (2005). Rethinking Regional Innovation and Change: Path Dependency or Regional Breakthrough? New York: Springer Verlag.. Publication link: 40feb88b-7dcc-47b4-baa6-d727f9255b9f
  • Shapira, P., & Fuchs, G. (Ed.) (2005). Innovation Challenges and Strategies in Catch-Up Regions: Developmental Growth and Disparities in Georgia, USA. In Rethinking Regional Innovation and Change: Path Dependency or Regional Breakthrough?. New York: Springer Verlag. . Publication link: b7d59aa7-850a-4da3-bfc2-f7ebd9c8f6b6

2004

  • Shapira, P., Youtie, J., P., . U., Laudeman, G., Bucy, E. P. (Ed.), & Newhagen, J. E. (Ed.) (2004). Early Impacts of a Public Information Infrastructure Access Project. In Media Access: Social and Psychological Dimensions of New Technology Use. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. . Publication link: 11c8dba9-cc85-44f2-a8e0-d316d2fa92ac
  • Shapira, P., Wengel, J., & Malerba, F. (Ed.) (2004). Machine Tools: The Remaking of a Traditional Sectoral Innovation System. In Sectoral Systems, Innovation and Growth in Europe. Cambridge University Press. . Publication link: 4d8c8497-1d81-4395-9e04-0d1233bc7260

2003

  • Shapira, P., P., . U., Kuhlmann, . U., S., . U., & Itors, . U. (2003). Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation. Northampton, MA and Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishers.. Publication link: a176f569-dbb9-494d-bad6-1fdf0a64bc12
  • Shapira, P., & Kuhlman, S. (2003). Emerging Paradigms for Evaluating Research, Innovation, and Technology Policies in the United States and Europe. In Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation. Northampton, MA and Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishers. . Publication link: 6326900a-83fa-4974-953b-a42e19fbddef
  • Shapira, P., & Kuhlmann, S. (Ed.) (2003). Evaluating Industrial Extension Services in the United States: Experiences and Insights. In Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation. Northampton, MA and Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishers. . Publication link: b0cd62aa-8775-4895-a2ce-1e71dd347a73

2001

  • Shapira, P., & Kojima, N. (Ed.) (2001). Systems for Supporting Small Business in the United States: Insights and Challenges from State Programs in Georgia. In America: Light and Shadow – An Investigation of Economic Trends, Employment and Labor in the America Economy. Tokyo: Japan Institute of Labour. . Publication link: 15cd06c9-f810-47e0-8387-e40390f43e00